Next Article in Journal
Synthesis and Self-Assembly of Poly(N-Vinylcaprolactam)-b-Poly(ε-Caprolactone) Block Copolymers via the Combination of RAFT/MADIX and Ring-Opening Polymerizations
Next Article in Special Issue
Microbial Reclamation of Chitin and Protein-Containing Marine By-Products for the Production of Prodigiosin and the Evaluation of Its Bioactivities
Previous Article in Journal
Why Is the Sensory Response of Organic Probes within a Polymer Film Different in Solution and in the Solid-State? Evidence and Application to the Detection of Amino Acids in Human Chronic Wounds
Previous Article in Special Issue
Reinforcement of Refined and Semi-Refined Carrageenan Film with Nanocellulose
Article

Synthesis of Corn Starch Derivatives and Their Application in Yarn Sizing

1
Department of Textile Design and Management, Faculty of Textile Technology, University of Zagreb Prilaz baruna Filipovića 28a, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Textile Department, Higher Technological and Artistic Professional School Leskovac, Vilema Pusmana 17, 16000 Leskovac, Serbia
3
Textile Department, Faculty of Technology, University of Nis, Bulevar Oslobodjenja 124, 16000 Leskovac, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(6), 1251; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12061251
Received: 3 May 2020 / Revised: 28 May 2020 / Accepted: 28 May 2020 / Published: 30 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Compounds for Natural Polymers II)
The use of synthesized natural starches for the sizing process in fabric production is primarily an environmental contribution. Synthesized corn starch is environmentally friendly and productive, showing good results in cotton yarn sizing. Acrylamide (AA) and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) were applied for the grafting process of corn starch, and the initiators azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN), potassium persulfate (KPS), and benzoyl peroxide (BP) were chosen to form the grafted monomers more effectively. The application of synthesized corn starch has been confirmed, especially with the AIBIN initiator in the grafting process of HEMA onto starch. The FTIR analysis confirmed that new and efficient products for sizing cotton yarns based on natural raw material (corn) were developed. The research showed that the synthesized corn starch improved physical-mechanical yarn properties and abrasion resistance and reduced yarn surface hairiness. Ultrasonic desizing of yarn and the use of a lower size concentration led to better results than desizing by washing, and the Tegewa numbers confirmed that the desizing process was successful. View Full-Text
Keywords: corn starch; sizing; cotton yarns; graft polymerization; rheological properties corn starch; sizing; cotton yarns; graft polymerization; rheological properties
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kovačević, S.; Schwarz, I.; Đorđević, S.; Đorđević, D. Synthesis of Corn Starch Derivatives and Their Application in Yarn Sizing. Polymers 2020, 12, 1251. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12061251

AMA Style

Kovačević S, Schwarz I, Đorđević S, Đorđević D. Synthesis of Corn Starch Derivatives and Their Application in Yarn Sizing. Polymers. 2020; 12(6):1251. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12061251

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kovačević, Stana, Ivana Schwarz, Suzana Đorđević, and Dragan Đorđević. 2020. "Synthesis of Corn Starch Derivatives and Their Application in Yarn Sizing" Polymers 12, no. 6: 1251. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12061251

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop