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New Nanohybrid Based on Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide and Silica Nanoparticles: Morphological, Structural and Thermal Properties

1
Grupo de Investigación en Química Estructural, Parque Tecnológico Guatiguará, Universidad Industrial de Santander, A.A. 678, Piedecuesta 681011, Colombia
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Instituto Colombiano del Petróleo, ECOPETROL S.A., Piedecuesta 681011, Colombia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(5), 1152; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12051152
Received: 10 April 2020 / Revised: 25 April 2020 / Accepted: 28 April 2020 / Published: 18 May 2020
In this study, a set of advanced characterization techniques were used to evaluate the morphological, structural, and thermal properties of a novel molecular hybrid based on silica nanoparticles/hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (CSNH-PC1), which was efficiently obtained using a two-step synthetic pathway. The morphology of the nanohybrid CSNH-PC1 was determined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and nanotracking analysis (NTA) techniques. The presence of C, N, O, and Si atoms in the nanohybrid structure was verified using electron dispersive scanning (EDS). Moreover, the corresponding structural analysis was complemented using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FT-IR). The covalent bond between APTES-functionalized SiO2 nanoparticles (nSiO2-APTES), and the hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) chain (MW ≈ 20.106 Da) was confirmed with high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy (XPS). Finally, the thermal properties of the nanohybrid were evaluated by using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results showed that the CSNH-PC1 has a spherical morphology, with sizes between 420–480 nm and higher thermal resistance compared to HPAM polymers without modification, with a glass transition temperature of 360 °C. The integration of these advanced characterization techniques implemented here shows promising results for the study and evaluation of new nanomaterials with multiple applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanomaterials; nanohybrids; synthetic polymers; nanoparticles; characterization of polymers nanomaterials; nanohybrids; synthetic polymers; nanoparticles; characterization of polymers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ruiz-Cañas, M.C.; Quintero, H.I.; Corredor, L.M.; Manrique, E.; Romero Bohórquez, A.R. New Nanohybrid Based on Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide and Silica Nanoparticles: Morphological, Structural and Thermal Properties. Polymers 2020, 12, 1152.

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