Next Article in Journal
Compositions Based on PAN Solutions Containing Polydimethylsiloxane Additives: Morphology, Rheology, and Fiber Spinning
Next Article in Special Issue
Rotational Molding of Linear Low-Density Polyethylene Composites Filled with Wheat Bran
Previous Article in Journal
Facile Construction of Superhydrophobic Surfaces by Coating Fluoroalkylsilane/Silica Composite on a Modified Hierarchical Structure of Wood
Previous Article in Special Issue
Compatibilization of Poly(Lactic Acid) (PLA) and Bio-Based Ethylene-Propylene-Diene-Rubber (EPDM) via Reactive Extrusion with Different Coagents
Open AccessArticle

Cellulose Nanofibers Isolated from the Cuscuta Reflexa Plant as a Green Reinforcement of Natural Rubber

1
Department of Chemistry, Sacred Heart College (Autonomous), Kochi, Kerala PIN-682013, India
2
Department of Applied Chemistry, Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT), Kerala PIN-682022, India
3
Department of Polymer Science and Rubber Technology, Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT), Kerala PIN-682022, India
4
St. Albert’s College (Autonomous), Kochi, Kerala PIN-682018, India
5
Department of Polymer Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdańsk University of Technology, Gabriela Narutowicza 11/12, 80–233 Gdańsk, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(4), 814; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12040814
Received: 15 March 2020 / Revised: 29 March 2020 / Accepted: 30 March 2020 / Published: 4 April 2020
In the present work, we used the steam explosion method for the isolation of cellulose nanofiber (CNF) from Cuscuta reflexa, a parasitic plant commonly seen in Kerala and we evaluated its reinforcing efficiency in natural rubber (NR). Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) techniques indicated that type I cellulose nanofibers, with diameter: 10–30 nm and a 67% crystallinity index were obtained by the proposed method. The results showed that application of CNF in NR based nanocomposites resulted in significant improvement of their processing and performance properties. It was observed that the tensile strength and tear strength of NR/CNF nanocomposites are found to be a maximum at 2 phr CNF loading, which corresponds with the studies of equilibrium swelling behavior. Dynamic mechanical analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, and morphological studies of tensile fractured samples also confirm that CNF isolated from Cuscuta reflexa plant can be considered as a promising green reinforcement for rubbers. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural rubber; cellulose nanofibers; Cuscuta reflexa plant; reinforcement; matrix-filler interactions natural rubber; cellulose nanofibers; Cuscuta reflexa plant; reinforcement; matrix-filler interactions
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Dominic C.D., M.; Joseph, R.; Begum, P.M.S.; Joseph, M.; Padmanabhan, D.; Morris, L.A.; Kumar, A.S; Formela, K. Cellulose Nanofibers Isolated from the Cuscuta Reflexa Plant as a Green Reinforcement of Natural Rubber. Polymers 2020, 12, 814. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12040814

AMA Style

Dominic C.D. M, Joseph R, Begum PMS, Joseph M, Padmanabhan D, Morris LA, Kumar AS, Formela K. Cellulose Nanofibers Isolated from the Cuscuta Reflexa Plant as a Green Reinforcement of Natural Rubber. Polymers. 2020; 12(4):814. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12040814

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dominic C.D., Midhun; Joseph, Rani; Begum, P.M. S.; Joseph, Meera; Padmanabhan, Dileep; Morris, Leonna A.; Kumar, Athira S; Formela, Krzysztof. 2020. "Cellulose Nanofibers Isolated from the Cuscuta Reflexa Plant as a Green Reinforcement of Natural Rubber" Polymers 12, no. 4: 814. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12040814

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop