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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Weaving Structures on the Water Wicking–Evaporating Behavior of Woven Fabrics

College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
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Polymers 2020, 12(2), 422; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12020422
Received: 30 November 2019 / Revised: 18 January 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renaissance of Fibers and Fibrous Materials)
Water transfer through porous textiles consists of two sequential processes: synchronous wicking–evaporating and evaporating alone. In this work we set out to identify the main structural parameters affecting the water transfer process of cotton fabrics. Eight woven fabrics with different floats were produced. The fabrics were evaluated on a specially designed instrument capable of measuring the water loss through a vertical wicking process. Each test took 120 min, and two phases were defined: Phase I for the first 10 min and Phase II for the last 110 min according to wicking behavior transition. Principal components and multivariate statistical methods were utilized to analyze the data collected. The results showed that Phase I dominated the whole wicking–evaporating process, and the moisture transfer speed in this phase varied with fabric structure, whereas the moisture transfer speeds in Phase II were similar and constant regardless of fabric structure. In addition, fabric with more floats has high water transfer speed in Phase I due to its loosened structure with more macropores.
Keywords: water transfer; wicking; evaporating; weave; woven fabric water transfer; wicking; evaporating; weave; woven fabric
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lei, M.; Li, Y.; Liu, Y.; Ma, Y.; Cheng, L.; Hu, Y. Effect of Weaving Structures on the Water Wicking–Evaporating Behavior of Woven Fabrics. Polymers 2020, 12, 422.

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