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Article

A Study of Physico-Mechanical Properties of Hollow Glass Bubble, Jute Fibre and Rubber Powder Reinforced Polypropylene Compounds with and without MuCell® Technology for Lightweight Applications

1
Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
2
SET Europe Ltd., 15/17 Seddon Place, Stanley Industrial Estate, Skelmersdale, Lancashire WN8 8EB, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(11), 2664; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112664
Received: 5 October 2020 / Revised: 6 November 2020 / Accepted: 9 November 2020 / Published: 12 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multifunctional Smart Polymers and Polymeric Composites)
Lightweighting is one of the key solutions to reduce the carbon footprint of vehicles. Nowadays, it is still challenging to achieve this target because there is a conflict between the cost and final material performance, as well as the fact that many lightweight solutions are restricted to laboratory or small-scale production. In this work, a commercially feasible strategy was adopted to fabricate materials for lightweight applications. Hollow glass bubbles, jute fibres, and rubber powder were used as fillers with polypropylene as the base polymer. Various samples were fabricated using conventional and MuCell® injection moulding. Their performance was then characterised by their density and morphological, mechanical, and rheological properties. A comparison among hybrid fillers/polypropylene compounds with and without MuCell® technology was investigated. The filler hybridisation resulted in not only a density reduction of up to approximately 10%, but also improved tensile/flexural modulus and strength. The use of MuCell® led to a further reduction in density of roughly 10%. Meanwhile, although some compounds fabricated by MuCell® exhibited some deterioration in their tensile yield strength, tensile modulus, and impact strength, they maintained acceptable mechanical properties for automotive applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: lightweighting; injection moulding; MuCell® foaming; filler hybridisation; composites lightweighting; injection moulding; MuCell® foaming; filler hybridisation; composites
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tao, Y.; Hinduja, S.; Heinemann, R.; Gomes, A.; Bártolo, P.J. A Study of Physico-Mechanical Properties of Hollow Glass Bubble, Jute Fibre and Rubber Powder Reinforced Polypropylene Compounds with and without MuCell® Technology for Lightweight Applications. Polymers 2020, 12, 2664. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112664

AMA Style

Tao Y, Hinduja S, Heinemann R, Gomes A, Bártolo PJ. A Study of Physico-Mechanical Properties of Hollow Glass Bubble, Jute Fibre and Rubber Powder Reinforced Polypropylene Compounds with and without MuCell® Technology for Lightweight Applications. Polymers. 2020; 12(11):2664. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112664

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tao, Yinping, Srichand Hinduja, Robert Heinemann, Anselmo Gomes, and Paulo J. Bártolo 2020. "A Study of Physico-Mechanical Properties of Hollow Glass Bubble, Jute Fibre and Rubber Powder Reinforced Polypropylene Compounds with and without MuCell® Technology for Lightweight Applications" Polymers 12, no. 11: 2664. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112664

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