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Open AccessArticle

Crystal Transition Behavior and Thermal Properties of Thermal-Energy-Storage Copolymer Materials with an n-Behenyl Side-Chain

by 1,2, 1,3,*, 2,* and 1,*
1
Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Organic Materials Science, Yamagata University, 4-3-16 Jonan, Yonezawa, Yamagata 992-8510, Japan
2
State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
3
Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamagata University, 4-3-16 Jonan, Yonezawa, Yamagata 992-8510, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(9), 1512; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11091512
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 26 August 2019 / Accepted: 14 September 2019 / Published: 17 September 2019
In this paper, we synthesized MC(BeA-co-MMA) copolymer microcapsules through suspension polymerization. The pendent n-behenyl group of BeA is highly crystalline, and it acts as the side-chain in the structure of BeA-co-MMA copolymer. The highly crystalline n-behenyl side-chain provides BeA-co-MMA copolymer thermal-energy-storage capacity. In order to investigate the correlation between the thermal properties and crystal structure of the BeA-co-MMA copolymer, the effects of monomer ratio, temperature changing and the changing rate, as well as synthesis method were discussed. The monomer ratio influenced crystal transition behavior and thermal properties greatly. The DSC results proved that when the monomer ratio of BeA and MMA was 3:1, MC(BeA-co-MMA)3 showed the highest average phase change enthalpy ΔH (105.1 J·g–1). It indicated that the n-behenyl side-chain formed a relatively perfect crystal region, which ensured a high energy storage capacity of the copolymer. All the DSC and SAXS results proved that the amount of BeA had a strong effect on the thermal-energy-storage capacity of the copolymer and the long spacing of crystals, but barely on the crystal lamella. It was found that MMA units worked like defects in the n-behenyl side-chain crystal structure of the BeA-co-MMA copolymer. Therefore, a lower fraction of MMA, that is, a higher fraction of BeA, contributed to a higher crystallinity of the BeA-co-MMA copolymer, providing a better energy storage capacity and thermoregulation property. ST(BeA-co-MMA) copolymer sheets with the same ingredients as microcapsules were also prepared through light-induced polymerization aiming at clarifying the effect of the synthesis method. The results proved that the synthesis method mainly influenced the copolymer chemical component, but lightly on the crystal packing of the n-behenyl side-chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: crystal transition behavior; thermal property; thermal energy storage; copolymer; suspension polymerization; light-induced polymerization crystal transition behavior; thermal property; thermal energy storage; copolymer; suspension polymerization; light-induced polymerization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mao, Y.; Gong, J.; Zhu, M.; Ito, H. Crystal Transition Behavior and Thermal Properties of Thermal-Energy-Storage Copolymer Materials with an n-Behenyl Side-Chain. Polymers 2019, 11, 1512. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11091512

AMA Style

Mao Y, Gong J, Zhu M, Ito H. Crystal Transition Behavior and Thermal Properties of Thermal-Energy-Storage Copolymer Materials with an n-Behenyl Side-Chain. Polymers. 2019; 11(9):1512. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11091512

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mao, Yuchen; Gong, Jin; Zhu, Meifang; Ito, Hiroshi. 2019. "Crystal Transition Behavior and Thermal Properties of Thermal-Energy-Storage Copolymer Materials with an n-Behenyl Side-Chain" Polymers 11, no. 9: 1512. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11091512

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