Next Article in Journal
Direct Writing Supercapacitors Using a Carbon Nanotube/Ag Nanoparticle-Based Ink on Cellulose Acetate Membrane Paper
Next Article in Special Issue
Study on Stability and Stability Mechanism of Styrene-Acrylic Emulsion Prepared Using Nanocellulose Modified with Long-Chain Fatty Acids
Previous Article in Journal
Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Improving the Physical Properties of Polytetrafluoroethylene Cable Insulation Materials by Boron Nitride Nanoparticle under Moisture-Temperature-Electric Fields Conditions
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Effective, Economical and Ultra-Fast Method for Hydrophobic Modification of NCC Using Poly(Methylhydrogen)Siloxane
Open AccessArticle

Natural Rubber Composites Filled with Crop Residues as an Alternative to Vulcanizates with Common Fillers

Institute of Polymer & Dye Technology, Lodz University of Technology, Stefanowskiego 12/16, 90-924 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(6), 972; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11060972
Received: 22 May 2019 / Revised: 29 May 2019 / Accepted: 31 May 2019 / Published: 3 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cellulose and Renewable Materials)
  |  
PDF [4561 KB, uploaded 3 June 2019]
  |  

Abstract

This present study is focused on exploring the possibility of using agricultural waste in the form of cereal straw as an active filler of biocomposites. The effect of lignocellulosic filler addition on the multifunctional properties of natural rubber composites was investigated. The results were compared with the properties of vulcanizates containing commonly used reinforcements in elastomer technology (carbon black, silica, chalk, talc). Rubber mixtures filled with straw showed the highest torque increase during rheometric measurements, which indirectly indicated a high degree of crosslinking and hardness of composites. It was found that the effect of straw addition on vulcanization time of elastomer blends was comparable with the results obtained for other conventional fillers. Moreover, the results confirmed that novel composites based on natural rubber filled with crop residues were attractive materials owing to their capacity for the formation of “structure” in combination with a good impact on reinforcement. Vulcanizates with the addition of straw showed the best barrier properties and resistance to thermo-oxidative aging from all tested samples. Furthermore, straw-based composites demonstrated that cereal straw waste could be used as an alternative, biodegradable and eco-friendly reinforcement of natural rubber composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: cereal straw; elastomer composites; natural rubber; carbon black; silica; chalk; talc; agriculture waste cereal straw; elastomer composites; natural rubber; carbon black; silica; chalk; talc; agriculture waste
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Masłowski, M.; Miedzianowska, J.; Strzelec, K. Natural Rubber Composites Filled with Crop Residues as an Alternative to Vulcanizates with Common Fillers. Polymers 2019, 11, 972.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Polymers EISSN 2073-4360 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top