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Open AccessArticle

Characterization of Polyurethane Foam Waste for Reuse in Eco-Efficient Building Materials

Departamento de Construcciones Arquitectónicas e I.C.T., Escuela Politécnica Superior, C/Villadiego S/N 09001, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain
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Polymers 2019, 11(2), 359; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11020359
Received: 13 December 2018 / Revised: 3 February 2019 / Accepted: 6 February 2019 / Published: 19 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymeric Foams)
In the European Union, the demand for polyurethane is continually growing. In 2017, the estimated value of polyurethane production was 700,400 Tn, of which 27.3% is taken to landfill, which causes an environmental problem. In this paper, the behaviour of various polyurethane foams from the waste of different types of industries will be analyzed with the aim of assessing their potential use in construction materials. To achieve this, the wastes were chemically tested by means of CHNS, TGA, and leaching tests. They were tested microstructurally by means of SEM. The processing parameters of the waste was calculated after identifying its granulometry and its physical properties i.e., density and water absorption capacity. In addition, the possibility of incorporating these wastes in plaster matrices was studied by determining their rendering in an operational context, finding out their mechanical resistance to flexion and compression at seven days, their reaction to fire as well as their weight per unit of area, and their thermal behaviour. The results show that in all cases, the waste is inert and does not undergo leaching. The generation process of the waste determines the foam’s microstructure in addition to its physical-chemical properties, which directly affect building materials in which they are included, thus offering different ways in which they can be applied. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer waste; polyurethane foam; leaching test; microstructure polymer waste; polyurethane foam; leaching test; microstructure
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Gómez-Rojo, R.; Alameda, L.; Rodríguez, Á.; Calderón, V.; Gutiérrez-González, S. Characterization of Polyurethane Foam Waste for Reuse in Eco-Efficient Building Materials. Polymers 2019, 11, 359.

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