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Open AccessArticle

Comparative Study on the Flame-Retardant Properties and Mechanical Properties of PA66 with Different Dicyclohexyl Hypophosphite Acid Metal Salts

1
Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of biochemical engineering, College of Marine Science and Biological Engineering, Qingdao University of Science & Technology, Qingdao 266042, China
2
Key Laboratory of Biomass Chemical Engineering of Ministry of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(12), 1956; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11121956
Received: 3 September 2019 / Revised: 13 November 2019 / Accepted: 19 November 2019 / Published: 28 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermal Insulating and Fire-Resistant Polymer Composites)
Three metal salts of dicyclohexyl hypophosphite, namely dicyclohexyl aluminum hypophosphite (ADCP), dicyclohexyl magnesium hypophosphite (MDCP), and dicyclohexyl zinc hypophosphite (ZDCP), were synthesized. These flame retardants were subjected to thermogravimetric analysis, and the results showed that ADCP and ZDCP had higher thermal stabilities than MDCP. They were then separately mixed with polyamide 66 (PA66)to prepare composite materials, of which the combustion properties were determined by the limiting oxygen index method and horizontal/vertical burning experiments. The mechanical properties of the materials were further evaluated using an electronic universal testing machine. The results showed that all the three flame retardants exerted a flame-retardant effect on PA66, but the flame-retardant effect of MDCP was inferior to those of ADCP and ZDCP. All the composites also showed similar mechanical properties. Among the three flame retardants, ADCP had the best overall performance for raw materials, showing good flame-retardant properties while maintaining the mechanical properties of the raw materials. The optimal dosage of ADCP was 15 wt %, at which a V-0 rating in the vertical burning test (UL 94 test) can be obtained.
Keywords: dicyclohexyl hypophosphite; PA66; flame-retardant properties; mechanical properties dicyclohexyl hypophosphite; PA66; flame-retardant properties; mechanical properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, H.; Lu, J.; Yang, H.; Lang, J.; Yang, H. Comparative Study on the Flame-Retardant Properties and Mechanical Properties of PA66 with Different Dicyclohexyl Hypophosphite Acid Metal Salts. Polymers 2019, 11, 1956.

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