Next Article in Journal
Elucidation of the Relationship between Intrinsic Viscosity and Molecular Weight of Cellulose Dissolved in Tetra-N-Butyl Ammonium Hydroxide/Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Previous Article in Journal
Accurate Measurement of the True Plane-Wave Shielding Effectiveness of Thick Polymer Composite Materials via Rectangular Waveguides
Open AccessArticle

Critical Factors for the Recycling of Different End-of-Life Materials: Wood Wastes, Automotive Shredded Residues, and Dismantled Wind Turbine Blades

1
National Research Council of Italy, Institute for Polymers Composites and Biomaterials, Via Campi Flegrei 34, 80078 Pozzuoli (NA), Italy
2
Institut technologique FCBA,10 rue Galilée, 77420 Champs-sur-Marne, France
3
Exergy Ltd, Coventry Innovation Village, CUTP, Cheetah Road, Coventry CV1 2TL, UK
4
Next Technology Tecnotessile, Via del Gelso 13 Prato, Italy
5
Aimplas, Istituto Tecnologico del Plastico, València Parc Tecnològic, Calle Gustave Eiffel 4, 46980 Paterna, Spain
6
Conenor Ltd, Kaitilantie 30, 16300 Orimattila, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(10), 1604; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11101604
Received: 21 August 2019 / Revised: 25 September 2019 / Accepted: 26 September 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Polymer Analysis)
Different classes of wastes, namely wooden wastes, plastic fractions from automotive shredded residues, and glass fiber reinforced composite wastes obtained from dismantled wind turbines blades were analyzed in view of their possible recycling. Wooden wastes included municipal bulky wastes, construction and demolition wastes, and furniture wastes. The applied characterization protocol, based on Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in attenuated total reflection (ATR) mode, scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX), and thermogravimetric analysis (TG) coupled with FTIR spectrometry for the investigation of the evolved gases, revealed that the selected classes of wastes are very complex and heterogeneous materials, containing different impurities that can represent serious obstacles toward their reuse/recycling. Critical parameters were analyzed and discussed, and recommendations were reported for a safe and sustainable recycling of these classes of materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: recycling; municipal bulky waste; end-of-life vehicles; characterization; FTIR; evolved gas analysis recycling; municipal bulky waste; end-of-life vehicles; characterization; FTIR; evolved gas analysis
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Castaldo, R.; De Falco, F.; Avolio, R.; Bossanne, E.; Cicaroni Fernandes, F.; Cocca, M.; Di Pace, E.; Errico, M.E.; Gentile, G.; Jasiński, D.; Spinelli, D.; Albein Urios, S.; Vilkki, M.; Avella, M. Critical Factors for the Recycling of Different End-of-Life Materials: Wood Wastes, Automotive Shredded Residues, and Dismantled Wind Turbine Blades. Polymers 2019, 11, 1604.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop