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Polymers 2019, 11(1), 136; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11010136

A Study on the Modified Arrhenius Equation Using the Oxygen Permeation Block Model of Crosslink Structure

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do 16419, Korea
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Received: 2 December 2018 / Revised: 27 December 2018 / Accepted: 11 January 2019 / Published: 14 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Degradation and Stabilization of Polymer-Based Materials)
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Abstract

Polymers are widely used in various industries because of their characteristics such as elasticity, abrasion resistance, fatigue resistance and low temperature. In particular, the tensile characteristic of rubber composites is important for the stability of industrial equipment because it determines the energy absorption rates and vibration damping. However, when a product is used for a long period of time, polymers become hardened owing to the changes in characteristics because of aging, thereby reducing the performance and increasing the possibility of accidents. Therefore, accurately predicting the mechanical properties of polymers is important for preventing industrial accidents while operating a machine. In general reactions, the linear Arrhenius equation is used to predict the aging characteristics; however, for rubber composites, it is more accurate to predict the aging characteristics using nonlinear equations rather than linear equations. However, the reason that the characteristic equation of the polymer appears nonlinear is not well known, and studies on the change in the characteristics of the natural and butadiene rubber owing to degradation are still lacking. In this study, a tensile test is performed with different aging temperatures and aging time to evaluate the aging characteristics of rubber composites using strain energy density. We propose a block effect of crosslink structure to express the nonlinear aging characteristics, assuming that a limited reaction can occur owing to the blocking of reactants in the rubber composites. Consequently, we found that a relationship exists between the crosslink structure and aging characteristics when the reduction in crosslink space owing to aging is represented stochastically. In addition, a modified Arrhenius equation, which is expressed as a function of time, is proposed to predict the degradation rate for all aging temperatures and aging times, and the formula is validated by comparing the degradation rate obtained experimentally with the degradation rate predicted by the modified Arrhenius equation. View Full-Text
Keywords: modified Arrhenius equation; degradation rate; crosslink density; oxygen permeation; nonlinear characteristics equation modified Arrhenius equation; degradation rate; crosslink density; oxygen permeation; nonlinear characteristics equation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Moon, B.; Jun, N.; Park, S.; Seok, C.-S.; Hong, U.S. A Study on the Modified Arrhenius Equation Using the Oxygen Permeation Block Model of Crosslink Structure. Polymers 2019, 11, 136.

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