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Polymers 2018, 10(9), 968; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10090968

Experimentally Verified Mathematical Model of Polymer Plasticization Process in Injection Molding

1
Department of Foundry, Plastics and Automation, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
2
Department of Polymer Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2018 / Revised: 24 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 1 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Model-Based Polymer Processing)
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Abstract

The mathematical model of the polymer plasticization in the reciprocating screw injection moulding machine is presented in this paper. Methods of calculation of the most important flow characteristics, such as the solid bed profile, the pressure and temperature profiles, the mass flow rate, the power demand, the screw torque and the energy consumption were analysed. According to the mathematical model, a computer program was developed. Based on the computer program, simulation studies of the injection moulding process were conducted. Thereafter, the experimental studies, evaluating the theoretical model from the accuracy and usefulness point of view, were carried out. Important output quantities, such as the temperature and pressure profiles, the power demand by the screw, the torque on the screw and the screw rotation time were measured. The studies were performed on a specially made research office. The simulation results were compared with the experimental data measured for the most popular polymers and different operating parameters of the injection machine. The experimental studies have indicated the need to introduce some corrections to the mathematical model. Several modifications have been made to the model, mainly related to the methods of stress determining in the polymer layer. Finally, the output characteristics of the plasticization process in the injection moulding are now correctly determined by the model with an average error less than 10%. View Full-Text
Keywords: injection moulding; plasticizing system; mathematical model; verification injection moulding; plasticizing system; mathematical model; verification
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Iwko, J.; Steller, R.; Wróblewski, R. Experimentally Verified Mathematical Model of Polymer Plasticization Process in Injection Molding. Polymers 2018, 10, 968.

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