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Polymers 2018, 10(8), 930; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10080930

Ternary Sulfur/Polyacrylonitrile/SiO2 Composite Cathodes for High-Performance Sulfur/Lithium Ion Full Batteries

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, China
2
Synergy Innovation Institute of GDUT, Heyuan 517000, China
3
Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 511458, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 July 2018 / Revised: 12 August 2018 / Accepted: 15 August 2018 / Published: 20 August 2018
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Abstract

In the present study, a novel sulfur/lithium-ion full battery was assembled while using ternary sulfur/polyacrylonitrile/SiO2 (S/PAN/SiO2) composite as the cathode and prelithiated graphite as the anode. For anode, Stabilized Lithium Metal Powder (SLMP) was successfully transformed into lithiated graphite anode. For cathode, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that SiO2 was uniformly distributed on S/PAN composites, where SiO2 served as an effective additive due to its ultra high absorb ability and enhanced ability in trapping soluble polysulfide. The tested half-cell based on S/PAN/SiO2 composite revealed high discharge capacity of 1106 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles at 0.2 C. The full cell based on prelithiated graphite//S/PAN/SiO2 composite system delivered a specific capacity of 810 mAh g−1 over 100 cycles. View Full-Text
Keywords: sulfur/lithium-ion full battery; prelithiated graphite anode; stabilized lithium metal powder; ternary sulfur/polyacrylonitrile/SiO2 composite; electrochemical performance sulfur/lithium-ion full battery; prelithiated graphite anode; stabilized lithium metal powder; ternary sulfur/polyacrylonitrile/SiO2 composite; electrochemical performance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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He, Y.; Shan, Z.; Tan, T.; Chen, Z.; Zhang, Y. Ternary Sulfur/Polyacrylonitrile/SiO2 Composite Cathodes for High-Performance Sulfur/Lithium Ion Full Batteries. Polymers 2018, 10, 930.

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