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Open AccessCommunication

Huge Enhancement of Luminescence from a Coaxial-Like Heterostructure of Poly(3-methylthiophene) and Au

1
Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Chenan, Chungnam 31056, Korea
2
Department of Applied Organic Materials Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea
3
Department of General Education, Kookmin University, Seoul 02707, Korea
4
Department of Chemical Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Polymers 2018, 10(4), 414; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10040414
Received: 23 February 2018 / Revised: 30 March 2018 / Accepted: 7 April 2018 / Published: 9 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymeric Materials for Optical Applications)
Recently, the light-matter interaction at nanoscale has attracted great interest from physicists, chemists and material scientists, as it gives peculiar optical properties that couldn’t be observed at the bulk scale. The synthesis and characterization of organic-inorganic heterostructures forming quantum dots, nanowires or nanotubes provide opportunities to understand their photophysical mechanism and to apply optoelecronic devices. Herein, we report a huge enhanced luminescence in a coaxial-like heterostructured poly (3-methylthiophene) (P3MT) with Au. We electrochemically synthesized P3MT nanowires (NWs) on a nanoporous template, and sequentially deposited Au on the surface of P3MT NWs. The diameter of heterostructured P3MT/Au NWs was about 200 nm, where the cladding-shape Au were about 10 nm. The visible range absorbance, with two new absorption peaks of P3MT/Au NWs, was significantly increased compared with that of P3MT NWs. Accordingly, the photoluminescence (PL) of a P3MT/Au NW was enormously increased; up to 170 times compared to that of P3MT NWs. More interestingly, an unexpected enhancement of PL was observed from cross-junction point of P3MT/Au NWs. The abnormal PL properties of P3MT/Au NWs were attributed to the charge transfer and the surface plasmon resonance between the cladding-shape Au and the core-shape P3MT, which resulted in the enhanced quantum yield. This incites us to reconsider the light-matter interaction in polymer-metal hybrid structures applicable for high-performance optoelectronic devices. View Full-Text
Keywords: P3MT; photoluminescence; heterostructure; surface plasmon resonance; corss-junction P3MT; photoluminescence; heterostructure; surface plasmon resonance; corss-junction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, B.-H.; Lee, H.; Kim, D.H.; Kim, S.; Choi, J.; Lee, G.S.; Park, D.H.; Lee, S. Huge Enhancement of Luminescence from a Coaxial-Like Heterostructure of Poly(3-methylthiophene) and Au. Polymers 2018, 10, 414. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10040414

AMA Style

Kim B-H, Lee H, Kim DH, Kim S, Choi J, Lee GS, Park DH, Lee S. Huge Enhancement of Luminescence from a Coaxial-Like Heterostructure of Poly(3-methylthiophene) and Au. Polymers. 2018; 10(4):414. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10040414

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Bo-Hyun; Lee, Hojin; Kim, Do H.; Kim, Seokho; Choi, Jinho; Lee, Gil S.; Park, Dong H.; Lee, Sunjong. 2018. "Huge Enhancement of Luminescence from a Coaxial-Like Heterostructure of Poly(3-methylthiophene) and Au" Polymers 10, no. 4: 414. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10040414

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