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Polymers 2018, 10(11), 1283; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10111283

Effect of Compatibilizer on the Interface Bonding of Graphene Oxide/Polypropylene Composite Fibers

Department of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034, China
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Received: 17 October 2018 / Revised: 14 November 2018 / Accepted: 15 November 2018 / Published: 18 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Graphene-Polymer Composites II)
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Abstract

To improve the interfacial bonding and thermal stability of graphene oxide (GO)/polypropylene (PP) composite fibers, a composite fiber with PP as the matrix, GO as reinforcement and maleic anhydride-grafted PP (PP-g-MAH) as a compatibilizer was prepared by a simple and efficient melt-blending method. The GO content was 0.0–5.0 wt %. According to the Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy results, the interfacial bonding in the PP/MAH/GO composite fibers was improved. The Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) results show that the addition of GO resulted in better interfacial adhesion and higher storage modulus (E′). The loss modulus (E″) of the PP/MAH/GO-x composite fibers increased with increasing amount of added GO, whereas the loss factor (tan δ) decreased. GO and PP-g-MAH were analyzed by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). The thermal stability of the composite fibers was improved compared to PP. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) analysis showed that the addition of PP-g-MAH to the composite fiber improved the interfacial bonding of GO in the PP matrix. Thus, compatibility between the two components was obtained. Based on the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) results, the PP fibers exhibited relative orientation due to the strong crystalline morphology. The rough section, PP/GO blend fiber exhibits a very clear phase separation morphology due to the incompatibility between the two and the compatibility of GO and PP in PP/MAH/GO-3 composite fiber is improved, resulting in the interface between the two has improved. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene oxide; polymer composite fiber; interfacial bonding; polypropylene; thermal stability graphene oxide; polymer composite fiber; interfacial bonding; polypropylene; thermal stability
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Miao, M.; Wei, C.; Wang, Y.; Qian, Y. Effect of Compatibilizer on the Interface Bonding of Graphene Oxide/Polypropylene Composite Fibers. Polymers 2018, 10, 1283.

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