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Polymers 2018, 10(11), 1219;

Effect of Cotton Cationization Using Copolymer Nanospheres on Ink-Jet Printing of Different Fabrics

School of Textiles, Tianjin Polytechnic University, No. 399 Binshui Xi Road, Xiqing District, Tianjin 300387, China
Collaborative Innovation Center for Eco-Textiles of Shandong Province, No. 308 Ningxia Road, Qingdao 266071, China
School of Textiles and Clothing, Qingdao University, No. 308 Ningxia Road, Qingdao 266071, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 October 2018 / Revised: 27 October 2018 / Accepted: 31 October 2018 / Published: 2 November 2018
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In this study, the cationic Poly[Styrene-Butyl acrylate-(P-vinylbenzyl trimethyl ammonium chloride)] P(St-BA-VBT) nanospheres with N+(CH3)3 functional groups were successfully synthesized by soap-free emulsion polymerization and applied to different fabrics by pad-cure process. After the pad-cure process, the nanospheres were deposited on the surface of the modified cotton fibers successfully without forming a continuous film structure. The X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) results demonstrated that P(St-BA-VBT) nanospheres were adsorbed on the surface of cotton fibers successfully. The excellent color strength value and outline sharpness of the plain, twill, and honeycomb fabrics can be achieved when the nanosphere concentration, sodium bicarbonate, and steaming time were 1 g/L, 10 g/L, and 6 min, respectively. The plain fabrics exhibited the smallest color strength (K/S) values and the best outline sharpness, followed by twill and honeycomb fabrics, which displayed the largest K/S values and the worst outline sharpness after the same treatment. Besides, all the three fabrics showed excellent rubbing fastness and washing fastness. The cationic P(St-BA-VBT) nanospheres modification of the cotton fabrics provides a novel potential approach to obtain good printing efficiency without affecting the tensile breaking strength of cotton fabrics significantly. View Full-Text
Keywords: ink-jet printing; cationization; reactive dyes; color strength; outline sharpness ink-jet printing; cationization; reactive dyes; color strength; outline sharpness

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, H.; Fang, K.; Liu, X.; Cai, Y.; An, F. Effect of Cotton Cationization Using Copolymer Nanospheres on Ink-Jet Printing of Different Fabrics. Polymers 2018, 10, 1219.

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