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Polymers 2018, 10(10), 1087; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10101087

Fabrication of Beltlike Fibers by Electrospinning

National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Silk, College of Textile and Engineering, Soochow University, 199 Ren-ai Road, Suzhou 215123, China
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Received: 28 August 2018 / Revised: 25 September 2018 / Accepted: 26 September 2018 / Published: 30 September 2018
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Abstract

Electrospinning is always used to fabricate one-dimensional nanofibers. Cylindrical fibers are formed during the spinning process due to the minimal-surface principle. However, when the moving jet has high rigidity, which can counteract the surface tension for a minimal surface, beltlike fibers can be obtained. Using the Hall–Petch effect, the rigidity of the moving jet can be greatly enhanced by adding nanoparticles. Polyethylene glycol with a nanometric crystallite size of 4 nm and ZrO2 nanoparticles are used as additives in the experiment, a theoretical analysis is carried out, and the theoretical predictions are verified experimentally. View Full-Text
Keywords: two-dimensional material; nanoparticle; dropping process; surfactants and dispersing agents; Taylor cone; mathematical model; graphene; molecule junction two-dimensional material; nanoparticle; dropping process; surfactants and dispersing agents; Taylor cone; mathematical model; graphene; molecule junction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Liu, Y.-Q.; He, C.-H.; Li, X.-X.; He, J.-H. Fabrication of Beltlike Fibers by Electrospinning. Polymers 2018, 10, 1087.

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