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Polymers 2018, 10(1), 72; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10010072

Colloidal Dispersion of a Perfluorosulfonated Ionomer in Water–Methanol Mixtures

Department of Macromolecular Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka Osaka 560-0043, Japan
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Received: 9 December 2017 / Revised: 5 January 2018 / Accepted: 10 January 2018 / Published: 14 January 2018
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Abstract

We have investigated the dispersion state of a perfluorosulfonated ionomer (PFSI; Nafion®) in aqueous dispersion and the effect of methanol (MeOH) added to the aqueous dispersion by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) as well as static and dynamic light scattering (SLS and DLS, respectively). Although both electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions of PFSI are expected to be strong in the dispersions, SAXS profiles obtained were satisfactorily fitted by the spherical particle model of a bimodal molar mass distribution. The rod-like aggregate model proposed in previous papers was denied at least for the present PFSI dispersion. Although the SAXS profiles exhibited a weak peak and the auto-correlation functions of DLS showed a log-time decay by the “repulsive cage effect” due to the long-ranged electrostatic interaction among PFSI particles, the concentration dependence of SLS results was probably normal because the cancellation of the electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions. The addition of MeOH into the aqueous dispersion of PFSI weakened both the hydrophobic and electcrostatic interactions of PFSI, and it is rather difficult to classify whether MeOH is a good or poor solvent (dispersant) for PFSI. View Full-Text
Keywords: Nafion; ionomer; colloidal dispersion; small-angle X-ray scattering; light scattering; electrostatic interaction; hydrophobic interaction Nafion; ionomer; colloidal dispersion; small-angle X-ray scattering; light scattering; electrostatic interaction; hydrophobic interaction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Li, S.; Terao, K.; Sato, T. Colloidal Dispersion of a Perfluorosulfonated Ionomer in Water–Methanol Mixtures. Polymers 2018, 10, 72.

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