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Open AccessArticle

Highly Localized and Efficient Energy Harvesting in a Phononic Crystal Beam: Defect Placement and Experimental Validation

School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Institute of Applied Mechanics, Zhejiang University, Key Laboratory of Soft Machines and Smart Devices of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310027, China
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Crystals 2019, 9(8), 391; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst9080391
Received: 25 June 2019 / Revised: 18 July 2019 / Accepted: 27 July 2019 / Published: 30 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sonic and Photonic Crystals)
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Abstract

We study energy harvesting in a binary phononic crystal (PC) beam at the defect mode. Specifically, we consider the placement of a mismatched unit cell related to the excitation point. The mismatched unit cell contains a perfect segment and a geometrically mismatched one with a lower flexural rigidity which serves as a point defect. We show that the strain in the defect PC beam is much larger than those in homogeneous beams with a defect segment. We suggest that the defect segment should be arranged in the first unit cell, but not directly connected to the excitation source, to achieve efficient less-attenuated localized energy harvesting. To harvest the energy, a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) film is attached on top of the mismatched segment. Our numerical and experimental results indicate that the placement of the mismatched segment, which has not been addressed for PC beams under mechanical excitation, plays an important role in efficient energy harvesting based on the defect mode. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy harvesting; defect modes; phononic crystals (PCs) energy harvesting; defect modes; phononic crystals (PCs)
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Lv, X.-F.; Fang, X.; Zhang, Z.-Q.; Huang, Z.-L.; Chuang, K.-C. Highly Localized and Efficient Energy Harvesting in a Phononic Crystal Beam: Defect Placement and Experimental Validation. Crystals 2019, 9, 391.

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