In a previous work, the chemical elements necessary for the achievement of Niobium base superalloys were defined in order to get a structure equivalent to that of Nickel base superalloys, which contain ordered precipitates within a disordered solid-solution. It was especially emphasized that precipitation hardening in the Niobium matrix would be possible with the addition of Ni. The remaining question about the design of such Niobium superalloys concerned the achievement of ordered precipitates in crystalline coherence with the Nb matrix i.e., with a crystalline structure equivalent to the Nb crystal prototype and with a lattice parameter in coherency with that of the Nb matrix. In order to reduce the trial/error experimental work, a reasoning based on various data for the achievement of coherency is presented. Then, starting from the Nb-Hf-Ni ternary alloy thus defined, this paper demonstrates that the precipitation of an ordered Nb phase within a disordered Nb matrix can be achieved with lattice parameter coherency between the ordered precipitates and the disordered matrix. The chemistry and the crystallographic structure of the precipitates were characterized using Transmission Electron Microscopy and Atom Probe Tomography. These results can help to conceive a new family of Nb base superalloys.
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