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A Magnetic-Dependent Vibration Energy Harvester Based on the Tunable Point Defect in 2D Magneto-Elastic Phononic Crystals

1,2, 1,2 and 1,2,*
1
Key Laboratory of Mechanics on Disaster and Environment in Western China attached to the Ministry of Education of China, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
2
Department of Mechanics and Engineering Sciences, College of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Crystals 2019, 9(5), 261; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst9050261
Received: 22 April 2019 / Revised: 10 May 2019 / Accepted: 16 May 2019 / Published: 19 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sonic and Photonic Crystals)
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Abstract

In this work, an innovative vibration energy harvester is designed by using the point defect effect of two-dimensional (2D) magneto-elastic phononic crystals (PCs) and the piezoelectric effect of piezoelectric material. A point defect is formed by removing the central Tenfenol-D rod to confine and enhance vibration energy into a spot, after which the vibration energy is electromechanically converted into electrical energy by attaching a piezoelectric patch into the area of the point defect. Numerical analysis of the point defect can be carried out by the finite element method in combination with the supercell technique. A 3D Zheng-Liu (Z-L) model which accurately describes the magneto-mechanical coupling constitutive behavior of magnetostrictive material is adopted to obtain variable band structures by applied magnetic field and pre-stress along the z direction. The piezoelectric material is utilized to predict the output voltage and power based on the capacity to convert vibration energy into electrical energy. For the proposed tunable vibration energy harvesting system, numerical results illuminate that band gaps (BGs) and defect bands of the in-plane mixed wave modes (XY modes) can be adjusted to a great extent by applied magnetic field and pre-stress, and thus a much larger range of vibration frequency and more broad-distributed energy can be obtained. The defect bands in the anti-plane wave mode (Z mode), however, have a slight change with applied magnetic field, which leads to a certain frequency range of energy harvesting. These results can provide guidance for the intelligent control of vibration insulation and the active design of continuous power supply for low power devices in engineering. View Full-Text
Keywords: vibration energy harvester; phononic crystal; defect bands; piezoelectric material; magnetostrictive material; output voltage and power vibration energy harvester; phononic crystal; defect bands; piezoelectric material; magnetostrictive material; output voltage and power
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Deng, T.; Zhang, S.; Gao, Y. A Magnetic-Dependent Vibration Energy Harvester Based on the Tunable Point Defect in 2D Magneto-Elastic Phononic Crystals. Crystals 2019, 9, 261.

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