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Crystals 2018, 8(6), 237; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst8060237

Simultaneous Enhancement of Electrical Conductivity and Seebeck Coefficient of [6,6]-Phenyl-C71 Butyric Acid Methyl Ester (PC70BM) by Adding Co-Solvents

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Inter-University Semiconductor Research Center, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
Materials Science Consulting and Management, 22113 Oststeinbek, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 April 2018 / Revised: 20 May 2018 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 / Published: 26 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Materials Processing and Crystal Growth for Thermoelectrics)
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Abstract

Chemical modification by co-solvents added to [6,6]-Phenyl-C71 butyric acid methyl ester, commonly known as an n-type semiconducting fullerene derivative PC70BM, is reported to change the electrical and thermoelectric properties of this system. Power factor of the casted PC70BM samples achieves values higher than that determined for a variety of organic compounds, including conducting polymers, such as PEDOT:PSS in the pristine form. After chemical functionalization by different solvents, namely N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), acetonitrile (AC), and 1,2-Dichloroethane (DCE), the four-probe in-plane electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient measurements indicate a simultaneous increase of the electrical conductivity and the Seebeck coefficient. The observed effect is more pronounced for solvents with a high boiling point, such as N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), than in acetonitrile (AC) and 1,2-Dichloroethane (DCE). We identified the origin of these changes using Hall mobility measurements, which demonstrate enhancement of the PC70BM charge carrier mobility upon addition of the corresponding solvents due to the improved packaging of the fullerene compound and chemical interaction with entrapped solvent molecules within the layers. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrical conductivity; Seebeck coefficient; power factor; PC70BM; figure of merit electrical conductivity; Seebeck coefficient; power factor; PC70BM; figure of merit
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Rastegaralam, M.; Lee, C.; Dettlaff-Weglikowska, U. Simultaneous Enhancement of Electrical Conductivity and Seebeck Coefficient of [6,6]-Phenyl-C71 Butyric Acid Methyl Ester (PC70BM) by Adding Co-Solvents. Crystals 2018, 8, 237.

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