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Propylene-Selective Thin Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework Membranes on Ceramic Tubes by Microwave Seeding and Solvothermal Secondary Growth

1
Artie McFerrin Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3122, USA
2
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3122, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Crystals 2018, 8(10), 373; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst8100373
Received: 26 August 2018 / Revised: 10 September 2018 / Accepted: 17 September 2018 / Published: 21 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue MOF-Based Membranes)
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Abstract

Zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-8) membranes have attracted tremendous interest for their high-resolution kinetic separation of propylene/propane mixtures. Current polycrystalline ZIF-8 membranes are supported mostly on planar ceramic substrates (e.g., alumina disks) because of their high thermal, chemical, and mechanical stabilities and facile manufacturing in the labs. Planar supports are, however, not scalable for practical separation applications owing to their low packing density (typically 30–500 m2/m3). On the other hand, ceramic tubes provide order-of-magnitude higher packing densities than planar supports (i.e., much higher membrane areas per module). Here, we report polycrystalline ZIF-8 membranes with thicknesses of ~1.2 μm grown on the bore side of commercially-available ceramic tubes using the microwave seeding and secondary growth technique. The tubular ZIF-8 membranes showed excellent propylene/propane separation factors of ~80, exceeding all currently-reported ZIF-8 membranes on ceramic tubes. It was found that the secondary growth time was critical to enhance the propylene/propane separation factor of the membranes. Membranes were also grown on the shell side of tubular supports, showing the versatility of our technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: zeolitic imidazolate frameworks; gas separation; propylene/propane separation; polycrystalline membranes; ceramic tubular supports zeolitic imidazolate frameworks; gas separation; propylene/propane separation; polycrystalline membranes; ceramic tubular supports
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Sun, J.; Yu, C.; Jeong, H.-K. Propylene-Selective Thin Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework Membranes on Ceramic Tubes by Microwave Seeding and Solvothermal Secondary Growth. Crystals 2018, 8, 373.

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