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Crystals 2018, 8(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst8010010

Structural Basis for the Influence of A1, 5A, and W51W57 Mutations on the Conductivity of the Geobacter sulfurreducens Pili

State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
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Received: 15 November 2017 / Revised: 18 December 2017 / Accepted: 21 December 2017 / Published: 25 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crystal Structures of Amino Acids and Peptides)
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Abstract

The metallic-like conductivity of the Geobacter sulfurreducens pilus and higher conductivity of its mutants reflected that biological synthesis can be utilized to improve the properties of electrically conductive pili. However, the structural basis for diverse conductivities of nanowires remains uncertain. Here, the impacts of point mutations on the flexibility and stability of pilins were investigated based on molecular dynamics simulations. Structures of the G. sulfurreducens pilus and its mutants were constructed by Rosetta. Details of the structure (i.e., electrostatic properties, helical parameters, residue interaction network, distances between amino acids, and salt bridges) were analyzed by PDB2PQR, Rosetta, RING, PyMOL, and VMD, respectively. Changes in stability, flexibility, residue interaction, and electrostatic properties of subunits directly caused wild-type pilin and its mutants assemble different structures of G. sulfurreducens pili. By comparing the structures of pili with different conductivities, the mechanism by which the G. sulfurreducens pilus transfers electron along pili was attributed, at least in part, to the density of aromatic rings, the distances between neighboring aromatic rings, and the local electrostatic environment around aromatic contacts. These results provide new insight into the potential for the biological synthesis of highly electrically conductive, nontoxic nanowires. View Full-Text
Keywords: conductive pilus; genetic substitution; molecular dynamics simulation; aromatic ring; biological synthesis conductive pilus; genetic substitution; molecular dynamics simulation; aromatic ring; biological synthesis
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Shu, C.; Xiao, K.; Sun, X. Structural Basis for the Influence of A1, 5A, and W51W57 Mutations on the Conductivity of the Geobacter sulfurreducens Pili. Crystals 2018, 8, 10.

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