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Crystals 2017, 7(9), 257;

Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance of Te-Doped Bi2Se3−xTex Bulks by Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis

State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: George S. Nolas
Received: 12 June 2017 / Revised: 19 August 2017 / Accepted: 21 August 2017 / Published: 28 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Materials Processing and Crystal Growth for Thermoelectrics)
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Polycrystalline Bi2Se3−xTex (x = 0~1.5) samples were prepared by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) combined with spark plasma sintering (SPS) and their thermoelectric properties were investigated. The SHS-SPS process can shorten the time with few energy consumptions, and obtain almost pure Bi2Se3-based phases. Consequently, the Se vacancies and anti-site defects contribute to the converged carrier concentration of ~2 × 1019 cm−3 while the increased carrier effective mass enhances the Seebeck coefficient to more than −158 μV K−1 over the entire temperature range. The lattice thermal conductivity is suppressed from 1.07 Wm−1 K−1 for the pristine specimen to ~0.6 Wm−1 K−1 for Te-substitution samples at 300 K because of point defects caused by the difference of mass and size between Te and Se atoms. Coupled with the enhanced power factor and reduced lattice thermal conductivity, a high ZT of 0.67 can be obtained at 473 K for the Bi2Se1.5Te1.5 sample. Our results reveal that Te-substitution based on the SHS-SPS method is highly-efficient and can improve the thermoelectric properties of Bi2Se3-based materials largely. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bi2Se3−xTex; thermoelectric; SHS; solid solution Bi2Se3−xTex; thermoelectric; SHS; solid solution

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Liu, R.; Tan, X.; Ren, G.; Liu, Y.; Zhou, Z.; Liu, C.; Lin, Y.; Nan, C. Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance of Te-Doped Bi2Se3−xTex Bulks by Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis. Crystals 2017, 7, 257.

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