Next Article in Journal
Crystallographic Characteristics of Hydroxylapatite in Hard Tissues of Cololabis saira
Next Article in Special Issue
In Silico Prediction of Growth and Dissolution Rates for Organic Molecular Crystals: A Multiscale Approach
Previous Article in Journal
Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3–Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–PbTiO3 Piezoelectric Single-Crystal Rectangular Beams: Mode-Coupling Effect and Its Application to Ultrasonic Array Transducers
Previous Article in Special Issue
Strength of Alkane–Fluid Attraction Determines the Interfacial Orientation of Liquid Alkanes and Their Crystallization through Heterogeneous or Homogeneous Mechanisms
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Crystals 2017, 7(4), 102;

Computer Simulations of Crystal Growth Using a Hard-Sphere Model

Graduate School of Science and Technology, Tokushima University, Tokushima 770-8506, Japan
Academic Editors: Hiroki Nada and Helmut Cölfen
Received: 19 December 2016 / Revised: 26 March 2017 / Accepted: 29 March 2017 / Published: 4 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Computer Simulation Studies on Crystal Growth)
Full-Text   |   PDF [9856 KB, uploaded 13 April 2017]   |  


A review of computer simulation studies on crystal growth in hard-sphere systems is presented. A historical view on the crystallization of hard spheres, including colloidal crystallization, is given in the first section. Crystal phase transition in a system comprising particles without bonding is difficult to understand. In the early days, therefore, many researchers did not accept such crystalline structures as crystals that should be studied in the field of crystal growth. In the last few decades, however, colloidal crystallization has drawn attention because in situ observations of crystallization process has become possible. Next, simulation studies of the crystal/fluid interface of hard spheres are also reviewed. Although colloidal crystallization has now been recognized in the crystal growth field, the stability of the crystal–fluid coexistence state has still not been satisfactorily understood based on a bond-breaking picture, because of an infinite diffuseness of the interfaces in non-bonding systems derived from this picture. Studies of sedimentary colloidal crystallization and colloidal epitaxy using the hard-sphere model are lastly reviewed. An advantage of the colloidal epitaxy is also presented; it is shown that a template not only fixes the crystal growth direction, but also improves the colloidal crystallization. A new technique for reducing defects in colloidal crystals through the gravity effect is also proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: hard spheres; crystal/fluid interface; colloidal crystals; sedimentation; colloidal epitaxy hard spheres; crystal/fluid interface; colloidal crystals; sedimentation; colloidal epitaxy

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mori, A. Computer Simulations of Crystal Growth Using a Hard-Sphere Model. Crystals 2017, 7, 102.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Crystals EISSN 2073-4352 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top