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Catalysts 2019, 9(2), 187; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9020187

Z-Schemed WO3/rGO/SnIn4S8 Sandwich Nanohybrids for Efficient Visible Light Photocatalytic Water Purification

1
National Engineering Laboratory for Clean Technology of Leather Manufacture, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
2
College of Environment & Resource, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
3
State Key Lab of Photocatalysis on Energy and Environment, College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
4
State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Polymer Research Institute at Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 January 2019 / Revised: 12 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 February 2019 / Published: 17 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Photocatalysis)
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Abstract

Semiconductor photocatalysis has received much attention as a promising technique to solve energy crisis and environmental pollution. This work demonstrated the rational design of “sandwich” WO3/rGO/SnIn4S8 (WGS) Z-scheme photocatalysts for efficient purification of wastewater emitted from tannery and dyeing industries. Such materials were prepared by a combined protocol of the in situ precipitation method with hydrothermal synthesis, and structurally characterized by XRD, SEM, HRTEM, UV-vis DRS, and PL spectroscopy. Results showed that the Z-schemed nanohybrids significantly enhanced the photocatalytic activity compared to the single component photocatalysts. An optimized case of the WGS-2.5% photocatalysts exhibited the highest Cr(VI) reduction rate, which was ca. 1.8 and 12 times more than those of pure SnIn4S8 (SIS) and WO3, respectively. Moreover, the molecular mechanism of the enhanced photocatalysis was clearly revealed by the radical-trapping control experiments and electron paramagnetic resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. The amount of superoxide and hydroxyl radicals as the major reactive oxygen species performing the redox catalysis was enhanced significantly on the Z-scheme WGS photocatalysts, where the spatial separation of photoinduced electron–hole pairs was therefore accelerated for the reduction of Cr(VI) and degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB). This study provides a novel strategy for the synthesis of all-solid-state Z-scheme photocatalysts for environmental remediation. View Full-Text
Keywords: WO3/rGO/SnIn4S8; Z-scheme photocatalyst; active oxygen species; photocatalytic Cr (VI) reduction; rGO WO3/rGO/SnIn4S8; Z-scheme photocatalyst; active oxygen species; photocatalytic Cr (VI) reduction; rGO
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Xu, P.; Huang, S.; Liu, M.; Lv, Y.; Wang, Z.; Long, J.; Zhang, W.; Fan, H. Z-Schemed WO3/rGO/SnIn4S8 Sandwich Nanohybrids for Efficient Visible Light Photocatalytic Water Purification. Catalysts 2019, 9, 187.

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