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Catalysts 2019, 9(2), 177; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9020177

Preparation and Catalytic Performance of Metal-Rich Pd Phosphides for the Solvent-Free Selective Hydrogenation of Chloronitrobenzene

State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Chemistry Synthesis Technology, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China
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Received: 28 January 2019 / Revised: 7 February 2019 / Accepted: 8 February 2019 / Published: 13 February 2019
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Abstract

A facile synthesis method of palladium phosphide supported on the activated carbon was developed. The effects of Pd precursors for phosphatization, phosphatization temperature, and the ratio of hypophosphite/Pd on the generation of palladium phosphide were investigated, and a generation mechanism of the Pd3P crystal structure is proposed. The results demonstrate that only PdO, rather than Pd or PdCl2, can transform into Pd phosphide without damage to the activated carbon. The penetration of P into the Pd particle can dramatically improve the dispersion of Pd species particles on the activated carbon. The generation of Pd phosphide greatly depends on the phosphatization temperature and the ratio of hypophosphite/Pd. An intact Pd3P crystal structure was obtained when the ratio of hypophosphite/Pd reached 32 and the phosphatization temperature was above 400 °C. The Pd3P supported on the activated carbon exhibited superior catalytic performance in terms of the hydrogenation of halonitrobenzenes to haloanilines because it had few L acids and B acids sites and could not generate deficient-electron active hydrogen atoms as electrophiles. View Full-Text
Keywords: halonitrobenzenes; palladium phosphide; Pd3P; carbon halonitrobenzenes; palladium phosphide; Pd3P; carbon
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Lu, C.; Zhu, Q.; Zhang, X.; Liu, Q.; Nie, J.; Feng, F.; Zhang, Q.; Ma, L.; Han, W.; Li, X. Preparation and Catalytic Performance of Metal-Rich Pd Phosphides for the Solvent-Free Selective Hydrogenation of Chloronitrobenzene. Catalysts 2019, 9, 177.

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