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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

A Short Overview on the Hydrogen Production Via Aqueous Phase Reforming (APR) of Cellulose, C6-C5 Sugars and Polyols

1
Dipartimento di Chimica Industriale “Toso Montanari”, Alma Mater Studiorum—Università di Bologna, Viale del Risorgimento 4, 40136 Bologna, Italy
2
Department of Chemistry and Biology, “Adolfo Zambelli” Università di Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, 132, 84084 Fisciano, Italy
3
Dipartimento DICEAM, Università Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, Loc. Feo di Vito, I-89122 Reggio Calabria, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2019, 9(11), 917; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9110917
Received: 11 October 2019 / Revised: 1 November 2019 / Accepted: 1 November 2019 / Published: 3 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Catalytic Sustainable Processes in Biorefineries)
The use of lignocellulosic biomasses for the production of renewable hydrogen is surely among the hot-topic research tasks. In this review, we report on the recent advances in the catalytic conversion of cellulose and its derived C6-C5 sugars (glucose, fructose, and xylose) and polyols (sorbitol and xylitol) into hydrogen via aqueous phase reforming (APR) reactions. The APR processes are considered to be new sustainable catalytic routes for converting the carbohydrate fraction of biomasses into hydrogen at milder reaction conditions if compared with the traditional reforming reactions. Particular emphasis is given to the development of new and active catalysts and to the optimization of reaction conditions that aimed to maximize hydrogen production with a low concentration of CO avoiding, at the same time, the formation of alkanes.
Keywords: aqueous phase reforming (APR); hydrogen; renewable energy; lignocellulosic biomasses; cellulose; sugars; glucose; xylose; fructose; polyols; sorbitol; xylitol aqueous phase reforming (APR); hydrogen; renewable energy; lignocellulosic biomasses; cellulose; sugars; glucose; xylose; fructose; polyols; sorbitol; xylitol
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fasolini, A.; Cucciniello, R.; Paone, E.; Mauriello, F.; Tabanelli, T. A Short Overview on the Hydrogen Production Via Aqueous Phase Reforming (APR) of Cellulose, C6-C5 Sugars and Polyols. Catalysts 2019, 9, 917.

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