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Open AccessReview

Catalytic Degradation of Nerve Agents

1
Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Catania, Viale Andrea Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy
2
INSTM Udr of Catania, Viale Andrea Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2020, 10(8), 881; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10080881
Received: 21 July 2020 / Revised: 31 July 2020 / Accepted: 3 August 2020 / Published: 4 August 2020
Nerve agents (NAs) are a group of highly toxic organophosphorus compounds developed before World War II. They are related to organophosphorus pesticides, although they have much higher human acute toxicity than commonly used pesticides. After the detection of the presence of NAs, the critical step is the fast decontamination of the environment in order to avoid the lethal effect of these organophosphorus compounds on exposed humans. This review collects the catalytic degradation reactions of NAs, in particular focusing our attention on chemical hydrolysis. These reactions are catalyzed by different catalyst categories (metal-based, polymeric, heterogeneous, enzymatic and MOFs), all of them described in this review. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chemical Warfare Agents; catalytic degradation; metal catalysts; MOFs; enzymes Chemical Warfare Agents; catalytic degradation; metal catalysts; MOFs; enzymes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zammataro, A.; Santonocito, R.; Pappalardo, A.; Trusso Sfrazzetto, G. Catalytic Degradation of Nerve Agents. Catalysts 2020, 10, 881. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10080881

AMA Style

Zammataro A, Santonocito R, Pappalardo A, Trusso Sfrazzetto G. Catalytic Degradation of Nerve Agents. Catalysts. 2020; 10(8):881. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10080881

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zammataro, Agatino; Santonocito, Rossella; Pappalardo, Andrea; Trusso Sfrazzetto, Giuseppe. 2020. "Catalytic Degradation of Nerve Agents" Catalysts 10, no. 8: 881. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10080881

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