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Review

Toxicity Reduction of Industrial and Municipal Wastewater by Advanced Oxidation Processes (Photo-Fenton, UVC/H2O2, Electro-Fenton and Galvanic Fenton): A Review

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Department of Separation Science, School of Engineering Science, Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT, Sammonkatu 12, 50130 Mikkeli, Finland
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Department of Environmental Technologies, INMAR-Marine Research Institute, Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences, University of Cádiz, Poligono Rio San Pedro s/n, Puerto Real, 11510 Cadiz, Spain
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Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Aalto University, Kemistintie 1, P.O. Box 16100, FI-00076 Espoo, Finland
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Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Faculty of Environment and Chemical Engineering, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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School of Civil Engineering and Surveying, Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, West Street, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2020, 10(6), 612; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10060612
Received: 5 May 2020 / Revised: 26 May 2020 / Accepted: 28 May 2020 / Published: 1 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends in Environmental Applications of Advanced Oxidation Processes)
The application of Fenton-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), such as photo-Fenton or electro-Fenton for wastewater treatment have been extensively studied in recent decades due to its high efficiency for the decomposition of persistent organic pollutants. Usually Fenton-based AOPs are used for the degradation of targeted pollutant or group of pollutants, which often leads to the formation of toxic by-products possessing a potential environmental risk. In this work, we have collected and reviewed recent findings regarding the feasibility of Fenton-based AOPs (photo-Fenton, UVC/H2O2, electro-Fenton and galvanic Fenton) for the detoxification of real municipal and industrial wastewaters. More specifically, operational conditions, relevance and suitability of different bioassays for the toxicity assessment of various wastewater types, cost estimation, all of which compose current challenges for the application of these AOPs for real wastewater detoxification are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: wastewater; advanced oxidation processes (AOPs); photo-Fenton; toxicity; bioassays; costs wastewater; advanced oxidation processes (AOPs); photo-Fenton; toxicity; bioassays; costs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rueda-Márquez, J.J.; Levchuk, I.; Manzano, M.; Sillanpää, M. Toxicity Reduction of Industrial and Municipal Wastewater by Advanced Oxidation Processes (Photo-Fenton, UVC/H2O2, Electro-Fenton and Galvanic Fenton): A Review. Catalysts 2020, 10, 612. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10060612

AMA Style

Rueda-Márquez JJ, Levchuk I, Manzano M, Sillanpää M. Toxicity Reduction of Industrial and Municipal Wastewater by Advanced Oxidation Processes (Photo-Fenton, UVC/H2O2, Electro-Fenton and Galvanic Fenton): A Review. Catalysts. 2020; 10(6):612. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10060612

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rueda-Márquez, Juan José, Irina Levchuk, Manuel Manzano, and Mika Sillanpää. 2020. "Toxicity Reduction of Industrial and Municipal Wastewater by Advanced Oxidation Processes (Photo-Fenton, UVC/H2O2, Electro-Fenton and Galvanic Fenton): A Review" Catalysts 10, no. 6: 612. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10060612

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