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Article

Exploiting Direct Current Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation to Boost Photoelectrocatalysis

Politecnico di Milano, Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering “G. Natta”, Via Luigi Mancinelli, 7, 20131 Milano, Italy
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Catalysts 2020, 10(3), 325; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10030325
Received: 21 February 2020 / Revised: 10 March 2020 / Accepted: 11 March 2020 / Published: 14 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials in Photo(Electro)catalysis)
In this study, we report an investigation of the photoelectrochemical activity of TiO2 films formed by DC plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) at a variable potential in a sulfuric acid electrolyte at 0 and 25 °C. The surface morphology was mainly determined by the oxide-forming potential. X-Ray Diffraction and Raman analyses showed that the relative amount of the anatase and rutile phases varied from 100% anatase at low potential (110–130 V) to 100% rutile at high potential (180–200 V), while mixed-phase oxide films formed at intermediate potential. Correspondingly, the band gap of the TiO2 films decreased from about 3.20 eV (pure anatase) to 2.94 eV (pure rutile) and was red-shifted about 0.1 eV by reducing the electrolyte temperature from 25 °C to 0 °C. Glow-Discharge Optical Emission Spectroscopy (GD-OES) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) analyses evidenced S-containing species located preferentially close to the TiO2/Ti interface. The photoelectrochemical activity was assessed by measuring the incident photon-to-current efficiency (IPCE) under Ultraviolet C (UV-C) irradiation, which showed a non-gaussian normal trend as a function of the PEO cell potential, with maximum values exceeding 80%. Photoelectrocatalytic activity was assessed by decolorization of model solutions containing methylene blue. Photoanodes having higher IPCE values showed faster decolorization kinetics. View Full-Text
Keywords: TiO2; titanium dioxide; plasma electrolytic oxidation; anatase; rutile; photoelectrocatalysis TiO2; titanium dioxide; plasma electrolytic oxidation; anatase; rutile; photoelectrocatalysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Franz, S.; Arab, H.; Lucotti, A.; Castiglioni, C.; Vicenzo, A.; Morini, F.; Bestetti, M. Exploiting Direct Current Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation to Boost Photoelectrocatalysis. Catalysts 2020, 10, 325. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10030325

AMA Style

Franz S, Arab H, Lucotti A, Castiglioni C, Vicenzo A, Morini F, Bestetti M. Exploiting Direct Current Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation to Boost Photoelectrocatalysis. Catalysts. 2020; 10(3):325. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10030325

Chicago/Turabian Style

Franz, Silvia; Arab, Hamed; Lucotti, Andrea; Castiglioni, Chiara; Vicenzo, Antonello; Morini, Federico; Bestetti, Massimiliano. 2020. "Exploiting Direct Current Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation to Boost Photoelectrocatalysis" Catalysts 10, no. 3: 325. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10030325

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