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Article

Characteristic and Catalytic Performance of Co and Co-Mo Metal Impregnated in Sarulla Natural Zeolite Catalyst for Hydrocracking of MEFA Rubber Seed Oil into Biogasoline Fraction

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Postgraduate School, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Jl. Bioteknologi No. 1, Medan 20155, Indonesia
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Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Medan, Jl. Willem Iskandar Pasar V Medan Estate, Medan 20221, Indonesia
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Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Jl. Bioteknologi No. 1, Medan 20155, Indonesia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2020, 10(1), 121; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10010121
Received: 2 January 2020 / Revised: 10 January 2020 / Accepted: 12 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
This research was aimed to investigate the effect of Co and Co-Mo metal loaded on Sarulla Natural Zeolite which has been activated and calcined (SNZ-Cal) as supports for better understanding of characterization and catalytic activity on hydrocracking of MEFA rubber seed oil. The Co and Co-Mo metal was added through a wet impregnation method using Co(NO3)2·6H2O and (NH4)·6Mo7O24·4H2O precursor salts. The catalyst was oxidized at 500 °C for 2 h within oxygen gas flow, followed by a reduction process with H2 gas flow with similar condition to obtain the catalysts. Based on the result, it was found that the resulted catalysts displayed an increase in crystal grain size compared to the metal-free catalyst. Particularly, catalyst that was impregnated with Co metal has a larger surface area and pore diameter and smaller pore volume than Co-Mo metal impregnated to the catalyst. In fact, it was revealed that this catalyst possessed the highest catalytic activity and selectivity. Furthermore, the resulting gas products reached 64 wt.% and the distribution of biogasoline fraction of hydrocarbons (C6-C12) amounted to 83.19 wt.%. View Full-Text
Keywords: sarulla natural zeolite; MEFA; hydrocracking; catalyst activity and selectivity; biogasoline sarulla natural zeolite; MEFA; hydrocracking; catalyst activity and selectivity; biogasoline
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sihombing, J.L.; Gea, S.; Wirjosentono, B.; Agusnar, H.; Pulungan, A.N.; Herlinawati, H.; Yusuf, M.; Hutapea, Y.A. Characteristic and Catalytic Performance of Co and Co-Mo Metal Impregnated in Sarulla Natural Zeolite Catalyst for Hydrocracking of MEFA Rubber Seed Oil into Biogasoline Fraction. Catalysts 2020, 10, 121. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10010121

AMA Style

Sihombing JL, Gea S, Wirjosentono B, Agusnar H, Pulungan AN, Herlinawati H, Yusuf M, Hutapea YA. Characteristic and Catalytic Performance of Co and Co-Mo Metal Impregnated in Sarulla Natural Zeolite Catalyst for Hydrocracking of MEFA Rubber Seed Oil into Biogasoline Fraction. Catalysts. 2020; 10(1):121. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10010121

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sihombing, Junifa Layla, Saharman Gea, Basuki Wirjosentono, Harry Agusnar, Ahmad Nasir Pulungan, Herlinawati Herlinawati, Muhammad Yusuf, and Yasir Arafat Hutapea. 2020. "Characteristic and Catalytic Performance of Co and Co-Mo Metal Impregnated in Sarulla Natural Zeolite Catalyst for Hydrocracking of MEFA Rubber Seed Oil into Biogasoline Fraction" Catalysts 10, no. 1: 121. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10010121

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