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Open AccessArticle

What Behaviors are Disapproved? Experimental Evidence from Five Dictator Games

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Departamento de Análisis Económico, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
Departamento de Análisis Económico II, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Paseo Senda del Rey 11, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Fundación de Estudios de Economía Aplicada (FEDEA), Calle Jorge Juan 46, 28001 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Games 2012, 3(2), 78-96;
Received: 28 February 2012 / Accepted: 30 March 2012 / Published: 23 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fairness in Games)
PDF [247 KB, uploaded 23 April 2012]


The literature on social norms has often stressed that social disapproval is crucial to foster compliance with norms and promote fair and cooperative behavior. With this in mind, we explore the disapproval of allocation decisions using experimental data from five dictator games with a feedback stage. Our data suggests that subjects are heterogeneous in their disapproval patterns, distinguishing two main groups: (1) Subjects who only disapprove choices that harm them, and (2) subjects who disapprove socially inefficient choices.
Keywords: approval; disapproval; dictator game; experiment; social norms approval; disapproval; dictator game; experiment; social norms
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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López-Pérez, R.; Vorsatz, M. What Behaviors are Disapproved? Experimental Evidence from Five Dictator Games. Games 2012, 3, 78-96.

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