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Open AccessArticle

The Architecture of the Access Protocols of the Global Infocommunication Resources

Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI”, Professor Popov Str. 5, 197376 St. Petersburg, Russia
Nizhny Novgorod State University of Engineering and Economics, Oktyabrskaya Str. 22a, 606340 Knyaginino, Russia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our report: Verzun, N.; Kolbanev, M.; Vorobeva, D. “Model of a Centralized Strategy for Selecting the Last Mile Access Network” in the Majorov International Conference on Software Engineering and Computer Systems (MICSECS 2019), Saint-Petersburg, Russia, 12–13 December 2019.
Computers 2020, 9(2), 49;
Received: 1 May 2020 / Revised: 1 June 2020 / Accepted: 1 June 2020 / Published: 9 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from MICSECS 2019)
One of the important functions of cyberspace is to provide people and devices with access to global infocommunication resources, and as the network infrastructure develops, the number of access options increases, including those based on wireless technologies. A wide variety of access technologies leads to the formation of heterogeneous broadcast networks. Following the concept of Always Best Connected and striving for rational use of access network resources, developers use Vertical Handover procedures today. This approach assumes the existence of a selection criterion that allows you to prefer a particular network to other networks from the number of available and able to provide the required connection and services, and a selection procedure that implements the process of calculating the characteristics of access in each of the acceptable options. When implementing a vertical handover, it should be taken into account that the rational choice depends on the moment of time and point of space at which the terminal device developed a request to establish a connection. The corresponding procedures can be implemented in accordance with decentralized or centralized architectures. In the first case, the choice is made by hardware and software of terminal devices. The disadvantage of this implementation is the complexity and, as a result, the rise in price of terminal devices, each of which requires a corresponding complexity of the selection procedure of the performance and memory reserve. Another negative consequence of the decentralized approach is a decrease in the last-mile network utilization rate due to the inability to make complex decisions. The article discusses the centralized architecture of access protocols to global infocommunication resources. In accordance with it, the access network is selected by a new centralized network device that was not previously used on communication networks. The protocols that this network element implements should be located between the first (physical) and second (channel) levels of the open system interaction model. The purpose of the study is to develop an effective architectural solution for access networks and create a mathematical model for evaluating the efficiency of using the last mile resources and the quality of user service. The object of research is architectural solutions for last-mile networks. The subject of research is models of the theory of tele-traffic that allow us to evaluate the qualitative characteristics of the corresponding process. To achieve this goal the following tasks were solved in the article: analysis of known approaches to selecting one of several available access networks; development of a centralized architecture that changes the basic model of interaction between open systems; description of the metadata exchange scenario between network elements of the new architecture; development of a mathematical model of the data transmission process in the access radio network; conducting numerical estimates of the probabilistic and temporal characteristics of the proposed procedures. View Full-Text
Keywords: heterogeneous network; vertical handover; network architecture; access network; access scenario; models for evaluating the probability-time characteristics of access heterogeneous network; vertical handover; network architecture; access network; access scenario; models for evaluating the probability-time characteristics of access
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Verzun, N.; Kolbanev, M.; Shamin, A. The Architecture of the Access Protocols of the Global Infocommunication Resources. Computers 2020, 9, 49.

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