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Article

Pure Ductal Carcinoma In Situ of the Breast: Analysis of 270 Consecutive Patients Treated in a 9-Year Period

SSD Breast Unit–ASST-Settelaghi Varese, Senology Research Center, Department of Medicine, University of Insubria, 21100 Varese, Italy
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Academic Editors: Adam E. Frampton, Oreste D. Gentilini, Thorsten Kuehn and Maria Luisa Gasparri
Cancers 2021, 13(3), 431; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13030431
Received: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2021 / Published: 23 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Frontiers in Breast Surgical Oncology)
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) accounts for 20 to 25% of all breast cancers and its incidence of progression to invasive ductal carcinoma is at least 13 to 50%. The aim of our retrospective observational analysis is to review the issues of this histological type of cancer. We confirmed in a wide population of 270 consecutive patients who underwent surgery in a single institute that the management of DCIS can be difficult and particularly complex. There are many variables to be taken into consideration such as the choice of the diagnostic and bioptical technique. This delicate management must be carried out in specialized centres such as Breast Units involving multiple professional figures to define and guarantee the best possible treatment for each patient.
Introduction: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is an intraductal neoplastic proliferation of epithelial cells that are confined within the basement membrane of the breast ductal system. This retrospective observational analysis aims at reviewing the issues of this histological type of cancer. Materials and methods: Patients treated for DCIS between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2018 were identified from a retrospective database. The patients were divided into two groups of 5 years each, the first group including patients treated from 2009 to 2013, and the second group including patients treated from 2014 to 2018. Once the database was completed, we performed a statistical analysis to see if there were significant differences among the 2 periods. Statistical analyses were performed using GraphPad Prism software for Windows, and the level of significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: 3586 female patients were treated for breast cancer over the 9-year study period (1469 patients from 2009 to 2013 and 2117 from 2014 to 2018), of which 270 (7.53%) had pure DCIS in the final pathology. The median age of diagnosis was 59-year-old (range 36–86). In the first period, 81 (5.5%) women out of 1469 had DCIS in the final pathology, in the second, 189 (8.9%) out of 2117 had DCIS in the final pathology with a statistically significant increase (p = 0.0001). From 2009 to 2013, only 38 (46.9%) were in stage 0 (correct DCIS diagnosis) while in the second period, 125 (66.1%) were included in this stage. The number of patients included in clinical stage 0 increased significantly (p = 0.004). In the first period, 48 (59.3%) specimen margins were at a greater or equal distance than 2 mm (negative margins), between 2014 and 2018; 137 (72.5%) had negative margins. Between 2014 and 2018 the number of DCIS patients with positive margins decreased significantly (p = 0.02) compared to the first period examined. The mastectomies number increased significantly (p = 0.008) between the 2 periods, while the sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) numbers had no differences (p = 0.29). For both periods analysed all the 253 patients who underwent the follow up are currently living and free of disease. We have conventionally excluded the 17 patients whose data were lost. Conclusion: The choice of the newest imaging techniques and the most suitable biopsy method allows a better pre-operative diagnosis of the DCIS. Surgical treatment must be targeted to the patient and a multidisciplinary approach discussed in the Breast Unit centres. View Full-Text
Keywords: DCIS; ductal carcinoma; surgery; breast cancer DCIS; ductal carcinoma; surgery; breast cancer
MDPI and ACS Style

Chiappa, C.; Bonetti, A.; Jaber, G.J.; De Berardinis, V.; Bianchi, V.; Rovera, F. Pure Ductal Carcinoma In Situ of the Breast: Analysis of 270 Consecutive Patients Treated in a 9-Year Period. Cancers 2021, 13, 431. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13030431

AMA Style

Chiappa C, Bonetti A, Jaber GJ, De Berardinis V, Bianchi V, Rovera F. Pure Ductal Carcinoma In Situ of the Breast: Analysis of 270 Consecutive Patients Treated in a 9-Year Period. Cancers. 2021; 13(3):431. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13030431

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chiappa, Corrado; Bonetti, Alice; Jaber, Giulio J.; De Berardinis, Valentina; Bianchi, Veronica; Rovera, Francesca. 2021. "Pure Ductal Carcinoma In Situ of the Breast: Analysis of 270 Consecutive Patients Treated in a 9-Year Period" Cancers 13, no. 3: 431. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13030431

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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