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Article

Synergistic Analysis of Protein Corona and Haemoglobin Levels Detects Pancreatic Cancer

1
Department of Surgery, University Campus Bio-Medico di Roma, Via Alvaro del Portillo 200, 00128 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 291, 00161 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Chemistry, Sapienza University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
4
Department of Radiology and Precision Health Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cancers 2021, 13(1), 93; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13010093
Received: 27 October 2020 / Revised: 4 December 2020 / Accepted: 24 December 2020 / Published: 30 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Insights into Pancreatic Cancer)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is often diagnosed at an advanced stage and is burdened by poor prognosis. Its early diagnosis is rare because the disease is frequently asymptomatic for a long time. Our research aims to identify a useful and simple diagnostic tool for early PDAC detection. The combination of user-friendly, nanotechnology-based tools and standard blood tests showed high accuracy in discriminating PDAC patients from healthy subjects. If confirmed in large-cohort studies, these findings could represent an innovative and non-invasive method with a potential impact in clinical practice in early detection of PDAC.
Simultaneous detection of multiple analytes from a single biological sample is gaining more attention in the development of more reliable and point-of-care diagnostic devices. We developed a multiplexed strategy that combined outcomes of clinical biomarkers with analysis of the protein corona that forms around graphene oxide sheets upon exposure to patient’s plasma. As a paradigmatic case study, we selected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), mainly because of the absence of effective detection strategies that resulted in an extremely low five-year survival rate after diagnosis (<10%). Association of protein corona analysis and haemoglobin levels discriminated PDAC patients from healthy volunteers in up to 90% of cases. If further confirmed in larger-cohort studies, this approach may be used in the detection of PDAC. View Full-Text
Keywords: pancreatic cancer; graphene oxide; early detection pancreatic cancer; graphene oxide; early detection
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MDPI and ACS Style

Caputo, D.; Digiacomo, L.; Cascone, C.; Pozzi, D.; Palchetti, S.; Di Santo, R.; Quagliarini, E.; Coppola, R.; Mahmoudi, M.; Caracciolo, G. Synergistic Analysis of Protein Corona and Haemoglobin Levels Detects Pancreatic Cancer. Cancers 2021, 13, 93. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13010093

AMA Style

Caputo D, Digiacomo L, Cascone C, Pozzi D, Palchetti S, Di Santo R, Quagliarini E, Coppola R, Mahmoudi M, Caracciolo G. Synergistic Analysis of Protein Corona and Haemoglobin Levels Detects Pancreatic Cancer. Cancers. 2021; 13(1):93. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13010093

Chicago/Turabian Style

Caputo, Damiano, Luca Digiacomo, Chiara Cascone, Daniela Pozzi, Sara Palchetti, Riccardo Di Santo, Erica Quagliarini, Roberto Coppola, Morteza Mahmoudi, and Giulio Caracciolo. 2021. "Synergistic Analysis of Protein Corona and Haemoglobin Levels Detects Pancreatic Cancer" Cancers 13, no. 1: 93. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13010093

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