- freely available
Micromachines 2017, 8(5), 145; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi8050145
- Fundamentals of electrokinetics. Yuan et al.  demonstrated a tunable particle focusing in a straight rectangular microchannel with symmetric semicircle obstacle arrays by the use of electrophoretic slip-induced Saffman lift force. Zhou et al.  investigated the aggregation of TiO2 submicron particles in deionized water under ultra-violet light irradiation and reported a neutralization effect on the particle zeta potential. Bashirzadeh et al.  proposed the use of graphite pencil-leads as low cost, disposable electrodes for the study of various electrokinetic phenomena in straight cylindrical microchannels.
- Applications of electrokinetics to (bio)particle manipulations. Natu and Martinez-Duarte  used numerical simulation to investigate the effects of device geometry and experimental variables on the continuous sorting of neural stem/progenitor cells via streaming dielectrophoresis (DEP). Zhou et al.  proposed a microfluidic device with a contraction channel and tested it numerically for the deformability-based particle separation by DC DEP. Zhu et al.  demonstrated the use of multiple parallel microchannels in a two-layer stacked microfluidic device for a significantly enhanced throughput in particle and cell manipulation via reservoir-based DEP (rDEP). Li et al.  presented a rapid fabrication of high-aspect-ratio 3D hydrogel microstructures using optically induced electrokinetics (OEK).
- Applications of electrokinetics to ionic species manipulation. Zhou et al.  proposed an electroosmotic flow-based micromixer with an asymmetrical lateral structure for enhanced fluid streams folding and stretching. Mavrogiannis et al.  reported a novel microfluidic method for electrokinetic mixing of laminar fluids and controlling of on-chip concentrations using fluidic DEP. Li et al.  demonstrated paper-based sample concentration using ion concentration polarization and sample detection with a smart phone. Zhao et al.  presented an overview of the various analyte concentration techniques in microfluidic devices with focus on both the physical mechanism and the representative applications.
- Other electric field-based applications. Wang et al.  investigated the frequency-dependent electroformation of giant unilamellar vesicles in between 3D and 2D microelectrode systems. Liu et al.  presented a new method for analyzing the deformability of fused cells under electrical stresses in a microfluidic array device. Tsai et al.  studied the effects of system parameters on the power generation by reverse electrodialysis in a microfluidic device with a Nafion ion-selective membrane. Wang et al.  developed a microfluidic device for classification of microalgae cells based on the simultaneous detection and analysis of the signals of fluorescence, scattering, and resistance pulse sensing.
Conflicts of Interest
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