Next Article in Journal
Active and Precise Control of Microdroplet Division Using Horizontal Pneumatic Valves in Bifurcating Microchannel
Previous Article in Journal
Fabrication of a Polymer High-Aspect-Ratio Pillar Array Using UV Imprinting
Open AccessArticle

Review on Electrodynamic Energy Harvesters—A Classification Approach

Laboratory of Micro Actuators, University of Freiburg, IMTEK, Georges-Köhler-Allee 102, 79110 Freiburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2013, 4(2), 168-196; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi4020168
Received: 29 December 2012 / Revised: 20 January 2013 / Accepted: 22 January 2013 / Published: 29 April 2013
Beginning with a short historical sketch, electrodynamic energy harvesters with focus on vibration generators and volumes below 1dm3 are reviewed. The current challenges to generate up to several milliwatts of power from practically relevant flows and vibrations are addressed, and the variety of available solutions is sketched. Sixty-seven different harvester concepts from more than 130 publications are classified with respect to excitation, additional boundary conditions, design and fabrication. A chronological list of the harvester concepts with corresponding references provides an impression about the developments. Besides resonant harvester concepts, the review includes broadband approaches and mechanisms to harvest from flow. Finally, a short overview of harvesters in applications and first market ready concepts is given. View Full-Text
Keywords: review; electrodynamic energy harvesting; electromagnetic linear generators; power MEMS review; electrodynamic energy harvesting; electromagnetic linear generators; power MEMS
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cepnik, C.; Lausecker, R.; Wallrabe, U. Review on Electrodynamic Energy Harvesters—A Classification Approach. Micromachines 2013, 4, 168-196.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop