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Open AccessArticle

On-chip MIC by Combining Concentration Gradient Generator and Flanged Chamber Arrays

1
State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, School of Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
2
Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 001-0021, Japan
3
Department of Applied Chemistry & Institute of Molecular Science, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2020, 11(2), 207; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11020207
Received: 21 January 2020 / Revised: 14 February 2020 / Accepted: 14 February 2020 / Published: 17 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Lab-on-a-Chip)
Minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) of antibiotic is an effective value to ascertain the agent and minimum dosage of inhibiting bacterial growth. However, current techniques to determine MIC are labor intensive and time-consuming, and require skilled operator and high initial concentration of bacteria. To simplify the operation and reduce the time of inhibition test, we developed a microfluidic system, containing a concentration generator and sub-micro-liter chambers, for rapid bacterial growth and inhibition test. To improve the mixing effect, a micropillar array in honeycomb-structure channels is designed, so the steady concentration gradient of amoxicillin can be generated. The flanged chambers are used to culture bacteria under the condition of continuous flow and the medium of chambers is refreshed constantly, which could supply the sufficient nutrient for bacteria growth and take away the metabolite. Based on the microfluidic platform, the bacterial growth with antibiotic inhibition on chip can be quantitatively measured and MIC can be obtained within six hours using low initial concentration of bacteria. Overall, this microfluidic platform has the potential to provide rapidness and effectiveness to screen bacteria and determine MIC of corresponding antibiotics in clinical therapies. View Full-Text
Keywords: minimum inhibition concentration (MIC); microfluidic; bacteria; antibiotics minimum inhibition concentration (MIC); microfluidic; bacteria; antibiotics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, X.-Y.; Li, Z.-Y.; Ueno, K.; Misawa, H.; Ren, N.-Q.; Sun, K. On-chip MIC by Combining Concentration Gradient Generator and Flanged Chamber Arrays. Micromachines 2020, 11, 207. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11020207

AMA Style

Zhang X-Y, Li Z-Y, Ueno K, Misawa H, Ren N-Q, Sun K. On-chip MIC by Combining Concentration Gradient Generator and Flanged Chamber Arrays. Micromachines. 2020; 11(2):207. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11020207

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Xiao-Yan; Li, Zhe-Yu; Ueno, Kose; Misawa, Hiroaki; Ren, Nan-Qi; Sun, Kai. 2020. "On-chip MIC by Combining Concentration Gradient Generator and Flanged Chamber Arrays" Micromachines 11, no. 2: 207. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11020207

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