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Open Field Study of Some Zea mays Hybrids, Lipid Compounds and Fumonisins Accumulation

Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Vegetali Sostenibili, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Piacenza 29100, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 17/A, Parma 43124, Italy
Dipartimento di Biologia Ambientale, Università Sapienza, P. le Aldo Moro 5, Roma 00185, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Annie Pfohl-Leszkowicz
Toxins 2015, 7(9), 3657-3670;
Received: 28 July 2015 / Revised: 10 August 2015 / Accepted: 7 September 2015 / Published: 11 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycotoxins and Human Diseases 2015)
Lipid molecules are increasingly recognized as signals exchanged by organisms interacting in pathogenic and/or symbiotic ways. Some classes of lipids actively determine the fate of the interactions. Host cuticle/cell wall/membrane components such as sphingolipids and oxylipins may contribute to determining the fate of host–pathogen interactions. In the present field study, we considered the relationship between specific sphingolipids and oxylipins of different hybrids of Zea mays and fumonisin by F. verticillioides, sampling ears at different growth stages from early dough to fully ripe. The amount of total and free fumonisin differed significantly between hybrids and increased significantly with maize ripening. Oxylipins and phytoceramides changed significantly within the hybrids and decreased with kernel maturation, starting from physiological maturity. Although the correlation between fumonisin accumulation and plant lipid profile is certain, the data collected so far cannot define a cause-effect relationship but open up new perspectives. Therefore, the question—“Does fumonisin alter plant lipidome or does plant lipidome modulate fumonisin accumulation?”—is still open. View Full-Text
Keywords: maize; Fusarium verticillioides; sphingolipids; oxylipins; mycotoxin maize; Fusarium verticillioides; sphingolipids; oxylipins; mycotoxin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Giorni, P.; Dall'Asta, C.; Reverberi, M.; Scala, V.; Ludovici, M.; Cirlini, M.; Galaverna, G.; Fanelli, C.; Battilani, P. Open Field Study of Some Zea mays Hybrids, Lipid Compounds and Fumonisins Accumulation. Toxins 2015, 7, 3657-3670.

AMA Style

Giorni P, Dall'Asta C, Reverberi M, Scala V, Ludovici M, Cirlini M, Galaverna G, Fanelli C, Battilani P. Open Field Study of Some Zea mays Hybrids, Lipid Compounds and Fumonisins Accumulation. Toxins. 2015; 7(9):3657-3670.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giorni, Paola, Chiara Dall'Asta, Massimo Reverberi, Valeria Scala, Matteo Ludovici, Martina Cirlini, Gianni Galaverna, Corrado Fanelli, and Paola Battilani. 2015. "Open Field Study of Some Zea mays Hybrids, Lipid Compounds and Fumonisins Accumulation" Toxins 7, no. 9: 3657-3670.

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