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Trichothecenes: From Simple to Complex Mycotoxins

1
Bacterial Foodborne Pathogens and Mycology, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agriculture Research Service, Peoria, IL 61604, USA
2
Biology Department, Bradley University, Peoria, IL 61625, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2011, 3(7), 802-814; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins3070802
Received: 26 May 2011 / Revised: 10 June 2011 / Accepted: 29 June 2011 / Published: 1 July 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trichothecenes)
As the world’s population grows, access to a safe food supply will continue to be a global priority. In recent years, the world has experienced an increase in mycotoxin contamination of grains due to climatic and agronomic changes that encourage fungal growth during cultivation. A number of the molds that are plant pathogens produce trichothecene mycotoxins, which are known to cause serious human and animal toxicoses. This review covers the types of trichothecenes, their complexity, and proposed biosynthetic pathways of trichothecenes. View Full-Text
Keywords: trichothecenes; mycotoxins; Type A; Type B; macrocyclic; d-type; t-type; toxin biosynthesis trichothecenes; mycotoxins; Type A; Type B; macrocyclic; d-type; t-type; toxin biosynthesis
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McCormick, S.P.; Stanley, A.M.; Stover, N.A.; Alexander, N.J. Trichothecenes: From Simple to Complex Mycotoxins. Toxins 2011, 3, 802-814.

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