Camelid VHHs Fused to Human Fc Fragments Provide Long Term Protection Against Botulinum Neurotoxin A in Mice
AbstractThe bacterium Clostridium botulinum is the causative agent of botulism—a severe intoxication caused by botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) and characterized by damage to the nervous system. In an effort to develop novel C. botulinum immunotherapeutics, camelid single-domain antibodies (sdAbs, VHHs, or nanobodies) could be used due to their unique structure and characteristics. In this study, VHHs were produced using phage display technology. A total of 15 different monoclonal VHHs were selected based on their comlementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) sequences. Different toxin lethal dose (LD50) challenges with each selected phage clone were conducted in vivo to check their neutralizing potency. We demonstrated that modification of neutralizing VHHs with a human immunoglobulin G (IgG)1 Fc (fragment crystallizable) fragment (fusionbody, VHH-Fc) significantly increased the circulation time in the blood (up to 14 days). At the same time, VHH-Fc showed the protective activity 1000 times higher than monomeric form when challenged with 5 LD50. Moreover, VHH-Fcs remained protective even 14 days after antibody administration. These results indicate that this VHH-Fc could be used as an effective long term antitoxin protection against botulinum type A. View Full-Text
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Godakova, S.A.; Noskov, A.N.; Vinogradova, I.D.; Ugriumova, G.A.; Solovyev, A.I.; Esmagambetov, I.B.; Tukhvatulin, A.I.; Logunov, D.Y.; Naroditsky, B.S.; Shcheblyakov, D.V.; Gintsburg, A.L. Camelid VHHs Fused to Human Fc Fragments Provide Long Term Protection Against Botulinum Neurotoxin A in Mice. Toxins 2019, 11, 464.
Godakova SA, Noskov AN, Vinogradova ID, Ugriumova GA, Solovyev AI, Esmagambetov IB, Tukhvatulin AI, Logunov DY, Naroditsky BS, Shcheblyakov DV, Gintsburg AL. Camelid VHHs Fused to Human Fc Fragments Provide Long Term Protection Against Botulinum Neurotoxin A in Mice. Toxins. 2019; 11(8):464.Chicago/Turabian Style
Godakova, Svetlana A.; Noskov, Anatoly N.; Vinogradova, Irina D.; Ugriumova, Galina A.; Solovyev, Andrey I.; Esmagambetov, Ilias B.; Tukhvatulin, Amir I.; Logunov, Denis Y.; Naroditsky, Boris S.; Shcheblyakov, Dmitry V.; Gintsburg, Aleksandr L. 2019. "Camelid VHHs Fused to Human Fc Fragments Provide Long Term Protection Against Botulinum Neurotoxin A in Mice." Toxins 11, no. 8: 464.
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