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Open AccessArticle

Comparative Sequence Analysis of TRI1 of Fusarium

Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine 32084, Trinidad and Tobago
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2019, 11(12), 689;
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 19 November 2019 / Accepted: 21 November 2019 / Published: 23 November 2019
Trichothecene mycotoxins are a class of secondary metabolites produced by multiple genera of fungi, including certain plant pathogenic Fusarium species. Functional variation in the TRI1 gene produces a novel Type A trichothecene called NX-2 in strains of F. graminearum. Using a bioinformatics approach, a systematic analysis of 52 translated TRI1 sequences of Fusarium species, including five F. graminearum NX-2 producers and four F. graminearum non-NX-2 producers, was conducted to explain the functional difference of TRI1p of FGNX-2. An assessment of several signature motifs of fungal P450s revealed amino acid substitutions in addition to the post-translational N-X-S/T sequons motif, which is indicative of N-linked glycosylation of this TRI1-encoded protein characteristic of NX-2 producers. There was evidence of selection bias, where TRI1 gene sequences were found to be under positive selection and, therefore, under functional constraints. The cumulative amino acid changes in the TRI1p sequences were reflected in the phylogenetic analyses which revealed species-specific clustering with a distinct separation of FGNX-2 from FG-non-NX-2 producers with high bootstrap support. Together, our findings provide insight into the amino acid sequence features responsible for the functional diversification of this TRI1p. View Full-Text
Keywords: cytochrome P450; Fusarium; TRI1; NX-2 trichothecene cytochrome P450; Fusarium; TRI1; NX-2 trichothecene
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Ramdass, A.C.; Villafana, R.T.; Rampersad, S.N. Comparative Sequence Analysis of TRI1 of Fusarium. Toxins 2019, 11, 689.

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