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A Preliminary Survey of Cultured Fusaria from Symptomatic Legume Grains in North-Eastern Poland

1
Department of Botany and Nature Protection, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Plac Łódzki 1, 10-727 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Experimental Education Unit, Oczapowskiego 8, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2019, 11(10), 569; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins11100569
Received: 3 September 2019 / Revised: 23 September 2019 / Accepted: 25 September 2019 / Published: 29 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycotoxins and Related Fungi in Crops)
Legumes are amongst the most promising crops to satisfy the increasing demand for protein-rich food and feed. Today, however, their cultivation in Europe is low, while European agriculture faces a deficit of protein-rich feed, of which the largest part is met by imported soybean. It has been suggested that some legumes can at least partially substitute for soybean in different types of feed. Despite their benefits, legumes may also remain a significant concern to human and animal health, especially regarding grain contamination with Fusaria and their mycotoxins. In this study, we determined the species composition of Fusarium field isolates recovered from diseased grains of various legumes. Our results showed that Fusarium avenaceum was mainly responsible for grain deterioration of common vetch, faba bean, and blue lupine. Besides, we found that F. equiseti also appeared to be a major pathogen of common vetch. This study is the first ever to report common vetch as a host for F. tricinctum, F. equiseti, and F. graminearum sensu stricto. Our results indicate that the composition of toxigenic Fusaria associated with grains of legumes is different than that previously observed in cereal grains. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fusarium; qPCR; legume plants; common vetch; blue lupine; faba bean; white lupine Fusarium; qPCR; legume plants; common vetch; blue lupine; faba bean; white lupine
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Żelechowski, M.; Olszewski, J.; Kulik, T. A Preliminary Survey of Cultured Fusaria from Symptomatic Legume Grains in North-Eastern Poland. Toxins 2019, 11, 569.

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