Next Article in Journal
Modified Palygorskite Improves Immunity, Antioxidant Ability, Intestinal Morphology, and Barrier Function in Broiler Chickens Fed Naturally Contaminated Diet with Permitted Feed Concentrations of Fusarium Mycotoxins
Previous Article in Journal
A Time Series of Water Column Distributions and Sinking Particle Flux of Pseudo-Nitzschia and Domoic Acid in the Santa Barbara Basin, California

Mycotoxins Contaminant in Kelp: A Neglected Dietary Exposure Pathway

Marine Product Quality and Safety Inspection Key Laboratory in Shandong Province, College of Life Science, Yantai University, Yantai 264005, China
NHC Key Lab of Food Safety Risk Assessment, China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100022, China
College of Food Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2018, 10(11), 481;
Received: 8 October 2018 / Revised: 28 October 2018 / Accepted: 12 November 2018 / Published: 19 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Mycotoxins)
In order to investigated current occurrence of major mycotoxins in dietary kelp in Shandong Province in Northern China, a reliable, sensitive, and rapid liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of the 7 most frequent mycotoxins, including 3-acetoxy deoxynivalenol (3AcDON), 15-acetoxy deoxynivalenol (15AcDON), Deoxynivalenol (DON), Fusarenon-X (F-X), Nivalenol (NIV), T-2 toxin (T-2), and Zearalenone (ZEA). Based on optimized pretreatment and chromatographic and mass spectrometry conditions, these target analytes could be monitored with mean recoveries from 72.59~107.34%, with intra–day RSD < 9.21%, inter–day RSD < 9.09%, LOD < 5.55 μg kg−1, and LOQ < 18.5 μg kg−1. Approximately 43 kelp samples were detected, 3AcDON/15AcDON ranged from 15.3 to 162.5 μg kg−1 with positive rate of 86% in Shandong Province in Northern China. Considering there were no related investigations about mycotoxin contamination in kelp, the high contamination rate of 3AcDON/15AcDON in kelp showed a neglected mycotoxin exposure pathway, which might lead to high dietary exposure risk to consumers. View Full-Text
Keywords: LC-MS/MS; mycotoxins; dietary exposure risk; kelp; Northern China LC-MS/MS; mycotoxins; dietary exposure risk; kelp; Northern China
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Y.; Sun, M.; Mao, X.; You, Y.; Gao, Y.; Yang, J.; Wu, Y. Mycotoxins Contaminant in Kelp: A Neglected Dietary Exposure Pathway. Toxins 2018, 10, 481.

AMA Style

Li Y, Sun M, Mao X, You Y, Gao Y, Yang J, Wu Y. Mycotoxins Contaminant in Kelp: A Neglected Dietary Exposure Pathway. Toxins. 2018; 10(11):481.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Yanshen, Mingxue Sun, Xin Mao, Yanli You, Yonglin Gao, Jianrong Yang, and Yongning Wu. 2018. "Mycotoxins Contaminant in Kelp: A Neglected Dietary Exposure Pathway" Toxins 10, no. 11: 481.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop