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Open AccessArticle

The Tanita SC-240 to Assess Body Composition in Pre-School Children: An Evaluation against the Three Component Model

1
Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, 141 83 Huddinge, Sweden
2
PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity Research Group (PROFITH), 18071 Granada, Spain
3
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Linkoping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2016, 8(6), 371; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8060371
Received: 22 April 2016 / Revised: 19 May 2016 / Accepted: 7 June 2016 / Published: 16 June 2016
Quick, easy-to-use, and valid body composition measurement options for young children are needed. Therefore, we evaluated the ability of the bioelectrical impedance (BIA) device, Tanita SC-240, to measure fat mass (FM), fat free mass (FFM) and body fatness (BF%) in 40 healthy, Swedish 5.5 years old children against the three component model (3C model). Average BF%, FM, and FFM for BIA were: 19.4% ± 3.9%, 4.1 ± 1.9 kg, and 16.4 ± 2.4 kg and were all significantly different (p < 0.001) from corresponding values for the 3C model (25.1% ± 5.5%, 5.3 ± 2.5 kg, and 15.2 ± 2.0 kg). Bland and Altman plots had wide limits of agreement for all body composition variables. Significant correlations ranging from 0.81 to 0.96 (p < 0.001) were found for BF%, FM, and FFM between BIA and the 3C model. When dividing the children into tertiles for BF%, 60% of children were classified correctly by means of BIA. In conclusion, the Tanita SC-240 underestimated BF% in comparison to the 3C model and had wide limits of agreement. Further work is needed in order to find accurate and easy-to-use methods for assessing body composition in pre-school children. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tanita SC-240; bioelectrical impedance; three component model; pre-school Tanita SC-240; bioelectrical impedance; three component model; pre-school
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Delisle Nyström, C.; Henriksson, P.; Alexandrou, C.; Löf, M. The Tanita SC-240 to Assess Body Composition in Pre-School Children: An Evaluation against the Three Component Model. Nutrients 2016, 8, 371.

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