Next Article in Journal
The Relationship between Metabolic Syndrome and Osteoporosis: A Review
Next Article in Special Issue
25(OH)D Status of Elite Athletes with Spinal Cord Injury Relative to Lifestyle Factors
Previous Article in Journal
Nutrition in Pregnancy: Optimising Maternal Diet and Fetal Adaptations to Altered Nutrient Supply
Previous Article in Special Issue
Protein-Pacing and Multi-Component Exercise Training Improves Physical Performance Outcomes in Exercise-Trained Women: The PRISE 3 Study
Open AccessBrief Report

Effects of Beer, Non-Alcoholic Beer and Water Consumption before Exercise on Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis in Athletes

1
Exercise Science Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Finis Terrae, Av. Pedro de Valdivia 1509, Providencia, Santiago 7500000, Chile
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
3
School of Kinesiology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
4
Family Health Center, El Peral s/n Sector La Pirca, Panquehue 2210000, Chile
5
Nutrition and Exercise Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Mayor, Santiago 8320000, Chile
6
Family Health Center, Los Lagos 5170000, Chile
7
Department of Physical Activity Sciences, Universidad de Los Lagos, Osorno 5290000, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2016, 8(6), 345; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8060345
Received: 11 April 2016 / Revised: 25 May 2016 / Accepted: 31 May 2016 / Published: 7 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Health and Athletic Performance)
Fluid and electrolyte status have a significant impact on physical performance and health. Pre-exercise recommendations cite the possibility of consuming beverages with high amounts of sodium. In this sense, non-alcoholic beer can be considered an effective pre-exercise hydration beverage. This double-blind, randomized study aimed to compare the effect of beer, non-alcoholic beer and water consumption before exercise on fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. Seven male soccer players performed 45 min of treadmill running at 65% of the maximal heart rate, 45 min after ingesting 0.7 L of water (W), beer (AB) or non-alcoholic beer (NAB). Body mass, plasma Na+ and K+ concentrations and urine specific gravity (USG) were assessed before fluid consumption and after exercise. After exercise, body mass decreased (p < 0.05) in W (−1.1%), AB (−1.0%) and NAB (−1.0%). In the last minutes of exercise, plasma Na+ was reduced (p < 0.05) in W (−3.9%) and AB (−3.7%), plasma K+ was increased (p < 0.05) in AB (8.5%), and USG was reduced in W (−0.9%) and NAB (−1.0%). Collectively, these results suggest that non-alcoholic beer before exercise could help maintain electrolyte homeostasis during exercise. Alcoholic beer intake reduced plasma Na+ and increased plasma K+ during exercise, which may negatively affect health and physical performance, and finally, the consumption of water before exercise could induce decreases of Na+ in plasma during exercise. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydration before-exercise; fluid balance during-exercise; blood electrolytes hydration before-exercise; fluid balance during-exercise; blood electrolytes
MDPI and ACS Style

Castro-Sepulveda, M.; Johannsen, N.; Astudillo, S.; Jorquera, C.; Álvarez, C.; Zbinden-Foncea, H.; Ramírez-Campillo, R. Effects of Beer, Non-Alcoholic Beer and Water Consumption before Exercise on Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis in Athletes. Nutrients 2016, 8, 345. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8060345

AMA Style

Castro-Sepulveda M, Johannsen N, Astudillo S, Jorquera C, Álvarez C, Zbinden-Foncea H, Ramírez-Campillo R. Effects of Beer, Non-Alcoholic Beer and Water Consumption before Exercise on Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis in Athletes. Nutrients. 2016; 8(6):345. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8060345

Chicago/Turabian Style

Castro-Sepulveda, Mauricio; Johannsen, Neil; Astudillo, Sebastián; Jorquera, Carlos; Álvarez, Cristian; Zbinden-Foncea, Hermann; Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo. 2016. "Effects of Beer, Non-Alcoholic Beer and Water Consumption before Exercise on Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis in Athletes" Nutrients 8, no. 6: 345. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8060345

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop