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Correction published on 15 August 2017, see Nutrients 2017, 9(8), 876.

Open AccessCommunication
Nutrients 2016, 8(6), 330;

Iron, Anemia, and Iron Deficiency Anemia among Young Children in the United States

Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 April 2016 / Revised: 26 May 2016 / Accepted: 26 May 2016 / Published: 30 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fortification to Combat Micronutrient Deficiencies)
PDF [188 KB, uploaded 14 September 2017]


Iron deficiency and anemia are associated with impaired neurocognitive development and immune function in young children. Total body iron, calculated from serum ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor concentrations, and hemoglobin allow for monitoring of the iron and anemia status of children in the United States. The purpose of this analysis is to describe the prevalence of iron deficiency (ID), anemia, and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) among children 1–5 years using data from the 2007–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Prevalence of ID, anemia, and IDA among children 1–5 years was 7.1% (5.5, 8.7), 3.9% (2.0, 4.3), and 1.1% (0.6, 1.7), respectively. The prevalence of both ID and anemia were higher among children 1–2 years (p < 0.05). In addition, 50% of anemic children 1–2 years were iron deficient. This analysis provides an update on the prevalence of ID, anemia, and IDA for a representative sample of US children. Our results suggest little change in these indicators over the past decade. Monitoring of ID and anemia is critical and prevention of ID in early childhood should remain a public health priority. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron deficiency; anemia; NHANES iron deficiency; anemia; NHANES
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Gupta, P.M.; Perrine, C.G.; Mei, Z.; Scanlon, K.S. Iron, Anemia, and Iron Deficiency Anemia among Young Children in the United States. Nutrients 2016, 8, 330.

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