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Vitamin D: Deficiency, Sufficiency and Toxicity

by 1 and 2,3,4,*
1
Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh 14611, Saudi Arabia
2
Specialized Diabetes and Endocrine Center, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh 59046, Saudi Arabia
3
Faculty of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 22490, Saudi Arabia
4
Prince Mutaib Chair for Biomarkers of Osteoporosis, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2013, 5(9), 3605-3616; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu5093605
Received: 6 May 2013 / Revised: 21 August 2013 / Accepted: 27 August 2013 / Published: 13 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin D and Human Health)
The plethora of vitamin D studies over the recent years highlight the pleomorphic effects of vitamin D outside its conventional role in calcium and bone homeostasis. Vitamin D deficiency, though common and known, still faces several challenges among the medical community in terms of proper diagnosis and correction. In this review, the different levels of vitamin D and its clinical implications are highlighted. Recommendations and consensuses for the appropriate dose and duration for each vitamin D status are also emphasized. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin D; vitamin D deficiency; vitamin D toxicity vitamin D; vitamin D deficiency; vitamin D toxicity
MDPI and ACS Style

Alshahrani, F.; Aljohani, N. Vitamin D: Deficiency, Sufficiency and Toxicity. Nutrients 2013, 5, 3605-3616.

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